The Afghan government on Monday pressed its calls for a truce with the Taliban, reiterating its desire for a long-term ceasefire at historic talks in Qatar. The two sides are in the early stages of meetings in Doha as they try to hammer out a deal that would bring 19 years of bloodshed in Afghanistan to a close.
The Afghan government and its allies, including the United States, called for the warring sides to lay down their arms at Saturday’s opening ceremony. But the Taliban, who fought a years-long guerrilla campaign against American and Afghan forces after they were toppled in a 2001 US-led invasion, did not mention a truce as they came to the negotiating table.
The head of the peace process for the Afghan government, Abdullah Abdullah, suggested, however, that the Taliban could offer a ceasefire in exchange for the release of more of their jailed fighters. Afghan government negotiator Habiba Sarabi told AFP on Monday that contact groups from both sides had finalised a draft code of conduct for the talks.
“The ceasefire is very important for the people of Afghanistan… who want (it) because it has been a long time that people are facing violence and war,” she said. “But we still didn’t talk about the ceasefire” in the negotiations so far, she added.
.@SediqSediqqi tweeted Monday that the presence of government negotiators at the #intraAfghantalks "is aimed at achieving a #ceasefire, ending the violence and ensuring lasting peace and stability in the country."https://t.co/wwe6Q2mNsmhttps://t.co/8FQoRKFhsJ— afghan peace (@afghanpeacenews) September 14, 2020
The Afghan government side and the Taliban team confirmed separately on Twitter that the talks would move to the next stage on Tuesday. Afghan presidential spokesman Sediq Seddiqi tweeted on Monday that the presence of government negotiators at the talks “is aimed at achieving a ceasefire, ending the violence and ensuring lasting peace and stability in the country”.
The United States struck an agreement with the Taliban in February that will see it withdraw troops from Afghanistan. The deal, which paved the way for the Doha negotiations, did not commit the insurgents to any reduction of violence, only requiring that it be “an item on the agenda” in negotiations.
But Crisis Group analyst Andrew Watkins told AFP “the Afghan government needs a ceasefire because without current levels of US support, it would very likely continue to lose ground to the Taliban”.
Start of history
Nearly two decades since the US-led invasion that toppled the Taliban, fighting still kills dozens of people daily and the country’s economy has been shattered, pushing millions into poverty.
Eleven police officers were killed over the weekend in suspected Taliban attacks. Abdullah called the recent upsurge in violence a “miscalculation”. But he has stressed the process “could be the start of history made in the coming future — and hopefully sooner rather than later”.
During a speech at the opening event, Taliban co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar repeated the insurgents’ call for an Islamic system — a likely sticking point. A comprehensive peace deal could take years, and will depend on both sides’ willingness to tailor their competing visions for Afghanistan and the extent to which they can agree to share power.
The US-backed negotiations come six months later than planned, owing to disagreements over a controversial prisoner swap agreed in February’s deal between the US and the Taliban. Under the terms of that agreement, all foreign troops must leave Afghanistan by the spring of 2021, in exchange for security commitments from the militants.
In addition, 5,000 Taliban prisoners have already been released in exchange for 1,000 Afghan troops. US President Donald Trump, who faces elections in less than two months, is eager to fulfil promises to end America’s longest war with the Taliban.
AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk