Syrian President Bashar al-Assad held talks in the United Arab Emirates on Friday, his first official visit to an Arab country since civil war erupted in 2011, UAE state media said.
The meeting is the latest sign of warming relations between Syria and the UAE, which had broken ties with Damascus in February 2012.
Assad met with the UAE’s de facto ruler, Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, discussing “fraternal relations” between the two countries, the WAM news agency reported.
They also discussed efforts to “contribute to the consolidation of security, stability and peace in the Arab region and the Middle East”, it added.
Sheikh Mohammed said he hoped the visit would “pave the way for goodness, peace and stability to prevail in Syria and the entire region”, WAM said.
The pair also discussed ways of “preserving the territorial integrity of Syria and the withdrawal of foreign forces from the country,” it said, as well as means of providing “political and humanitarian support for Syria”.
Syria’s SANA state news agency said the meeting helped “strengthen cooperation” between the two sides.
Photographs released by the Syrian presidency also showed Assad meeting with Dubai’s ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum during the one-day visit.
Sanctions on Syria
Syria’s economy has been battered by a decade of conflict and gruelling sanctions, and the Arab League suspended Damascus after the war broke out 11 years ago.
In December 2018, the UAE reopened its embassy in Damascus, suggesting an effort to bring the Syrian government back into the Arab fold.
The move was followed by the UAE’s calling in March last year for Syria to return to the Arab League — having been a key backer of its suspension.
Amidst Ukraine, here’s a big story that went unnoticed. Assad is in Dubai on a landmark state visit. Syria had been thrown out of the Arab League during the war & Assad leans towards Iran in the Gulf-Iran Cold War. Now, the UAE is reaching out to him. https://t.co/t0VW6IsH3y
— Mohamed Zeeshan (@ZeeMohamed_) March 19, 2022
In November, the UAE’s top diplomat met Assad in the Syrian capital for the first time since the conflict started, a move that triggered US denunciations of efforts to normalise ties with a “dictator”.
About half a million people have died and millions have been displaced since the conflict erupted in 2011, after nationwide protests against the government were met with a brutal crackdown.
It escalated into a devastating and complex war that drew in numerous actors including jihadist groups and regional and international powers.
The UAE is one of the six Gulf Cooperation Council member states that took a tough stance against Damascus in 2012 and eventually recognised an opposition umbrella group as the representative of Syria.
Damascus has struggled to secure international aid, namely from oil-rich Arab states.
But in recent years, some regional powers see warming up to Damascus as a way of luring Syria away from the exclusive regional influence of Iran — a staunch supporter of Assad’s government that has expanded its military footprint in Syria throughout the course of the conflict.
Earlier this month, the UN commission for inquiry on Syria called for “a review of the implementation and impacts of sanctions currently imposed on Syria” in light of deteriorating living conditions.
But on Tuesday, Britain, France, Germany, Italy and the United States said in a joint statement that they do “not support efforts to normalise relations with the Assad regime”.
The statement was made to commemorate 11 years since the start of the anti-government uprising in Syria, which was marked by thousands of protesters in Syria’s rebel enclave of Idlib.
AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk