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Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Brain Drain: 400,000 qualified Pakistanis left country in the first six month

Brain drain has accelerated in Pakistan for the past year, and is gaining pace with each passing day as the economic situation worsens.

Official statistics show nearly 400,000 highly qualified Pakistanis have left the country in the first six months of the current year, in search of better economic opportunities, indicating a sharp rise in the brain drain in Pakistan.

Brain drain has accelerated in Pakistan for the past year, and is gaining pace with each passing day as the economic situation worsens. In the first half of this year, more than 832,000 Pakistani youths, including 400,000 highly skilled individuals, migrated to other countries, contributing to a phenomenon known as the ‘brain drain.’

This trend has persisted over the past few years, resulting in a staggering total of 2.75 million young people leaving Pakistan in the last five years.

The primary factors driving this brain drain phenomenon are the uncertain economic conditions, high inflation, and widespread unemployment prevailing in the country. These challenges are not limited to specific regions but affect various parts of Pakistan. Experts suggest that these conditions have prompted a large number of young individuals to seek better opportunities abroad. During the current coalition government’s tenure, more than 1.2 million young Pakistanis have pursued employment overseas.

A closer look at the data reveals the wide range of professions from which highly skilled workers have migrated. Notable figures include 11,000 accountants, 11,000 engineers, 4,000 doctors, 34,000 technicians, and 37,500 managers who have chosen to leave Pakistan over the past 18 months.

Additionally, professionals from other fields such as nurses, teachers, electricians, computer typists, agricultural experts, computer operators, supervisors, and draftsmen have also contributed to this brain drain phenomenon.

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The majority of the young Pakistanis seeking better job prospects have migrated to Arab countries during the first half of this year. Saudi Arabia attracted the largest number of individuals with 700,000, followed by the United Arab Emirates (229,000), Oman (111,000), and Qatar (90,000). Outside the Middle East, over 8,000 Pakistanis migrated to Great Britain, while more than 1,000 individuals chose other European countries as their preferred destinations.

The brain drain has significant implications for Pakistan, as it loses highly educated and skilled individuals who could contribute to the country’s development and progress. It is crucial for policymakers to address the root causes of this trend by focusing on improving economic conditions, controlling inflation, and creating more employment opportunities within the country.

Efforts should be made to retain and attract highly qualified professionals by providing an enabling work environment, competitive salaries, and avenues for growth and advancement. A comprehensive strategy is needed to reverse the brain drain phenomenon and channel the potential of Pakistan’s youth towards national development.