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Tuesday, September 19, 2023

Egyptians hit by soaring food prices as inflation bites

As families have struggled to purchase household staples, an Egyptian government agency praised an alternative, cheap protein source -- "chicken feet, good for the body and the budget".

Public anger has been growing for months in Egypt over a severe dollar crunch and soaring food prices. But for many a money-saving tip from a state body has been the last straw.

As families have struggled to purchase household staples, an Egyptian government agency praised an alternative, cheap protein source — “chicken feet, good for the body and the budget”.

The advice drew widespread scorn on social media while lawmaker Karim al-Sadat slammed it as “divorced from the reality of the crisis”.

Read more: Thousands of protesters march in Paris to vent anger over inflation

The anger reflects the hardships of many in the Arab world’s most populous nation, which recently had to ask for a $3 billion loan programme from the International Monetary Fund.

“The bread I used to buy for one Egyptian pound now costs three,” said Rehab, 34, at a Cairo bakery, asking not to be named in full.

“My husband makes 6,000 pounds ($242) a month, which used to last us all month but now runs out in 10 days.”

In a country heavily reliant on food imports, prices have also shot up for staples such as cooking oil and legumes, putting the financial squeeze on many of Egypt’s 104 million people.

Rationing signs in big supermarkets now warn customers they can each purchase only three bags of rice, two bottles of milk and one bottle of oil.

Reda, a 55-year-old civil servant and hospital janitor who provides for her family of 13, said frozen meat had more than doubled in price and is “no longer an option”.

“Even with two salaries, there’s a lot I just can’t buy anymore.”

Read more: Inflation clouds ‘Black Friday’ kickoff of US holiday shopping season

– Scramble for dollars –

Egypt’s economy was hit hard after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine last February unsettled global investors and led them to pull billions out of the North African country.

The war sent wheat prices spiralling, heavily impacting Egypt, one of the world’s largest grain importers, and piling pressure on its foreign currency reserves.

With costs driven up further by soaring global energy prices, official inflation topped 18 percent in November.

The central bank twice devalued the pound last year as the foreign currency crunch saw imported goods worth billions held up at its ports.

Amid the crisis, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government has been looking for foreign currency where it can.

Starting this month, tourists will have to pay for train tickets in dollars, said Transport Minister Kamel al-Wazir.

Many banks have limited foreign currency withdrawals and tripled credit card charges.

Even the pro-government TV talk show host Amr Adib voiced fury when he urged banks to allow Egyptians abroad to at least “withdraw enough money to take a taxi to the airport so they can come home”.

Read more: In US, inflation sparks tough Thanksgiving meal sacrifices

– Suez Canal fund –

Egypt has in the past decade tripled its foreign debt to $157 billion. It has $33.5 billion in foreign reserves, of which $28 billion are deposits from its wealthy Gulf allies.

The IMF loan programme, worth $3 billion over 46 months, is a drop in the bucket for Cairo whose debt service in 2022-2023 alone amounts to $42 billion.

Ratings agency Moody’s ranks Egypt as one of the five countries most at risk of defaulting on its foreign debt.