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Thursday, May 23, 2024

Healing lives through literature during a global pandemic

We are accustomed to thinking of literature as mimetic, as a representation of reality such as it exists, while literature, is in fact therapeutic. By allowing us to come out of our shells, it shows us new possibilities for the future. In these testing times, when Covid-19 has shattered us to the core, dystopian and speculative literature is a breath of fresh air.

The conceivable prescient books, by notable authors in literature, narrated the theme of isolation, community, and love. And in this respect, they are powerfully relatable to our present situation, conveying a hope that we all have been through this before, and we survived.
Thus, in a time of uncertainty and desolation, when we practice social distancing and isolation to flatten the curve, literature provides us with solace, companionship, and comfort. And the best thing about these pandemic novels is that they allow us to realistically pass through the chronological progression.

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As we all pass from the signals of worst times to the return to normalcy in these books, we keep our fingers crossed for the new day to begin soon. Let us have a look at the writings of prominent authors and draw parallels with the present situation we are grappling with:

The journal of the plague year by Daniel Defoe

To make sense of the catastrophe of the present-day Covid-19, this novel, by highlighting the events of the 1660s in London, will make us go back in time. Thus, we will recall our responses to the initial shocks and the unprecedented spread of the virus depicted in the book. Defoe describes that the spread of the disease and the death notices circulated an ominous aura across the busy city of London, and how the government of the day imposed restrictions that highlight the present-day Lockdown situation.

Defoe writes that: “all public feasting, and particularly by the companies of this city, and dinners at taverns, ale-houses, and other places of common entertainment, be forborne till further order and allowance…”, which reflects the modern-day social distancing to curb the spread of the virus.

Defoe takes a snapshot of the plague as it reached its pinnacle and turned “violent and terrible” with each passing day, engulfing families, the hustle and bustle of the streets, and then shows how it began to lose its intensity and vigor which resulted in the recovery of the sick and the return of the health of the city.

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Defoe asserts that the spreading of the contagion is a natural phenomenon, causing the people to see both the worst and the best days and the gathering of the people “along the streets giving God thanks for their deliverance”, which reflects their tendency to seek refuge in the higher power.

The plague by Albert Camus

This book is a reflection of today’s crisis and the reader would honor Albert Camus for having a peek into the future, way back in the 19th century. The shutting of the City of Oran in Algeria and the heroic role played by the frontline players make this book a must-read in this situation. The discreet valor of the medical health practitioners is highlighted through these lines of the book: “I have no idea what’s awaiting me, or what will happen when this all ends. For the moment I know this: there are sick people and they need curing”; and they pay tribute to our healthcare workers and doctors who are working selflessly at this critical point of the hour.

As we are sure that once the Covid-19 patients recover, they, just like the plague survivors would bear testimony to the fact: “They knew now that if there is one thing one can always yearn for, and sometimes attain, it is human love.”

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Pale Horse by Katherine Porter

The book, “Pale Horse” by Katherine Porter portrays the events of the 1918 Spanish influenza epidemic and particularly deals with the horrors and devastations caused by “social distancing” and the fevers and medications. The persona Miranda narrates her experience of being caught by the deadly flu and how it took a toll on her especially through the most poignant lines: “It took me a long time to go out and live in the world again. I was really ‘alienated’ in the pure sense.”

The year of the Flood by Margaret Atwood

This book is full of rich literary devices and symbols, and describes the wave of twenty-first-century epidemics, as the “waterless flood” which when it traveled in the air looked as if it had wings and when it traveled through cities, burned everything, leaving behind ashes.
Moreover, what makes this pandemic fiction so interesting to read and reflect is that it depicts the fight of humans against an inconceivable enemy. With the situation nuanced, it is apparent that there are no good and bad boys. And each character has equal chances of winning. And most importantly, what makes the captivating grist for the reader and the novelist is the dynamic range of individual responses in the grave circumstances.

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Station Eleven by Emily St John Mandel

This novel amalgamates multiple genres to give the reader a holistic and universal view of the spread of deadly diseases and how they wiped off the population in extreme numbers. Although the setting is in Georgia, the novel carries echoes of Chaucer’s Canterberry Tales that were set against the backdrop of the Black Death and the thematic terrain of Shakespeare plays: “The Midsummer Night’s Dream and “King Lear”, holding a mirror to the deadly plague during Shakespearean Era that led to Shakespeare writing these two famous plays when the city was forced to go into isolation.

More than that, the recurrent reference to “Station eleven”, where the characters met after twenty years since the outbreak of the virus, spoke volumes about how the world will look or rebuild itself after the catastrophe.

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As we go through these books, we will find them as great reference material to deal with the situation which currently confronts us all. We will find multiple parallels with our present-day lives, and the chronicle of events will allow us to give meaning to our lives and propel us to contribute positively through art and writing.

Hadia Mukhtar is a Pakistani geopolitical analyst in Karachi with a keen interest in international relations. She has worked as a content writer for international publications and has worked on non-fiction books. Currently, she is an assistant editor at GVS. She can be reached at hadia.mukhtar92@gmail.com.The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space.