How does exercise improve old age?

New research shows that older adults who exercise regularly can perform everyday tasks more easily and gain independence.

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News Desk |


Insufficient physical activity causes around 3.2 million deaths worldwide each year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). These declining levels of physical activity may be due, in part, to an increase in sedentary behaviour, heavy traffic areas, pollution, and a lack of parks and facilities.

Read more: As you age, mobility around the house becomes hard


For adults aged 65 and above, experts define physical activity as a combination of everyday tasks, such as work duties (if applicable), transportation, chores, and exercise they do during leisure time, such as walking, swimming, and gardening. The WHO recommends that older adults get 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, during the week. They should also perform activities focused on strengthening their muscles twice per week.

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Older adults who have mobility issues should also do physical activity to enhance balance on three or more days per week. Following this workout routine improves cardiorespiratory and muscular functions and helps reduce the risk of depression and cognitive decline.


According to the WHO, older adults who exercise regularly are less likely to have high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes. They also have lower rates of all-cause mortality, a higher level of cardiorespiratory fitness, and a more healthful body mass overall.

Read more: Heart Disease Risk Eased by Healthy Habits

They also have a better cognitive function and are less likely to fall. The study also found that those who engage in physical activity develop more independence and have greater self-worth. These benefits create a positive chain reaction because the older adults will require less support and will, therefore, be less reliant on others. “I never cease to be amazed that — despite the proven benefits of exercise — far too many people continue to do too little physical activity,” says Crevenna.