The Foreign Office of Pakistan and the External Affairs Ministry of India both announced that India and Pakistan shared lists of nuclear installations and facilities. The Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack on Nuclear Installations and Facilities, which was signed on December 31, 1988, and ratified on January 27, 1991, provided the legal framework for this action. According to the agreement, both states must notify one another on January 1st of each year of any nuclear installations or facilities that fall under its description.
Additionally, the countries exchanged lists of inmates in compliance with the 2008 Consular Access Agreement, which mandates that on January 1 and July 1 of each year, India and Pakistan exchange lists of prisoners held in each other’s custody.
According to FO’s statement, 705 Indian captives were listed as being detained in Pakistan, including 654 fishermen and 51 civilians. A list of 434 Pakistani captives in India, including 339 civilians and 95 fishermen, was also sent by the Indian government to the Pakistani envoy in New Delhi. Pakistan has asked for the early release and repatriation of 51 Pakistanis detained in India, along with 94 Pakistani fishermen who have served their terms.
Due to contested maritime boundaries, maritime trespassing is widespread in India and Pakistan. Because of the unfriendly relations between the two states, it is usual practise to arrest fi shermen who are found to be in violation of the maritime boundary; the procedure for releasing them is long and difficult.