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Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Iraq serves death penalty to French IS members amid opposition

Iraq has been plagued by ISIS and recently won a battle against the Jihadists. Iraq was handed hundreds of IS members who were captured by US-backed Syrian forces and Iraq is handing them death sentences. French Government opposes capital punishment but Iraq seems adamant on punishing the prisoners.


A Baghdad court sentenced a Frenchman to death on Wednesday for joining the Islamic State group, bringing to seven the number of French jihadists on death row in Iraq.

Yassin Sakkam was among 12 French citizens transferred to Iraqi authorities in January by a US-backed force fighting the jihadist group in Syria.

“I admit to having sworn allegiance” to IS, he told the court, saying he was paid $70 (62 euros) a month.

He added that he regretted his decision to join the group, and asked to be pardoned by Iraq’s courts.

Sakkam, now 29, left France in late 2014 to fight for IS, posting online pictures of himself carrying arms and speaking to multiple media outlets about IS.

Read more: What happened to the foreign fighters that flew to join ISIS?

He became one of the most notorious jihadists in France, which has been seeking his arrest since 2016.

Kurdish/Iraq authorities detained him in Syria in 2017.

His brother Karim carried out a suicide attack at the Iraq-Jordanian border in 2015, according to the French Terrorism Analysis Centre (CAT).

Sakkam’s sentence came despite France reiterating its opposition to capital punishment this week amid a series of similar judgments against French citizens handed to Baghdad.

Iraq has taken custody of thousands of jihadists in recent months after they were captured in neighboring Syria by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) during the battle to destroy the IS “caliphate”.

They include hundreds of foreigners suspected of IS membership, raising the question of whether suspected IS jihadists should be tried in the region or repatriated.

France has long insisted that its adult citizens captured in Iraq or Syria must face trial locally while reiterating its opposition to capital punishment.


Iraqi law provides for the death penalty for anyone joining a “terrorist group” – even those who did not take up arms.

Also on Wednesday, an Iraq court sentenced Tunisian Mohammed Berriri to death for joining IS, after a hearing lasting less than an hour.

Berriri, 24, admitted to joining the group, saying he thought it was “defending the weak”, but said he now regretted doing so.

Sakkam and the six other French citizens handed death sentences by Iraqi courts in recent days have 30 days to appeal.

Read more: ISIS through the years

The remaining five French suspects face trial in the coming days.

The trials in Iraq have been criticized by human rights groups, which say they often rely on evidence obtained through torture.

In a statement sent to AFP, a group representing the families of French jihadists asked the government in Paris to “do everything possible to stop this fatal chain of death sentences” and to try them “on our soil”.

On Tuesday, Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France was stepping up efforts to stop Iraq executing those convicted.

AFP with additional input by GVS news desk