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Friday, February 16, 2024

The Joe Biden Doctrine: Cheerlead Wars, Feign Ignorance Later

Joe Biden's political career has been wrought with support for destructive wars. The price of these wars is still being paid by the local affectees

If we look at the track record of Joe Biden during his political career first as a senator and then as Obama’s vice president, he is a typical establishment Democrat. He has played into the US national security establishment’s hands like Bill Clinton and Barack Obama before him.

But considering his hawkish record in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, supporting the Yugoslav wars during the Clinton presidency in the nineties, voting in favor of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars in the Bush tenure, and being a vocal proponent of the purported “humanitarian intervention” in Libya and the proxy war in Syria as Obama’s vice president, the Biden presidency would risk plunging the world into many more devastating conflicts.

Joe Biden’s role in the US invasion of Iraq

As head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Biden said in 2002 that Saddam Hussein was a threat to national security, and there was no option but to “eliminate” that threat. In October 2002, he voted in favor of the Authorization for Military Force Against Iraq, approving Iraq’s US invasion.

 More significantly, as chair of the committee, he assembled a series of witnesses to testify in favor of the authorization. They gave testimonies that grossly misrepresented Saddam’s intent, history of, and status and his Baathist government. Saddam was an openly avowed enemy of al-Qaeda, and the witnesses touted Iraq’s fictional possession of weapons of mass destruction.

 Writing for The Guardian’s “Comment is Free” in February, Mark Weisbrot contends [1] that Joe Biden was at the forefront of mustering bipartisan support for the illegal Iraq War. It would come back to haunt him in the forthcoming presidential elections like the criminal conspiracy of Hillary Clinton in lending legitimacy to the Bush administration’s unilateral invasion of Iraq had thwarted her presidential ambitions, too, in the 2016 presidential elections.

Weisbrot observes: “When the war was debated and then authorized by the US Congress in 2002, Democrats controlled the Senate and Biden was chair of the Senate committee on foreign relations. Biden himself had enormous influence as chair and argued strongly in favor of the 2002 resolution granting President Bush the authority to invade Iraq.

 “I do not believe this is a rush to war,” Biden said a few days before the vote, ‘I believe it is a march to peace and security. I believe that failure to support this resolution overwhelmingly is likely to enhance the prospects that war will occur …’

“But he had a power much greater than his own words. He was able to choose all 18 witnesses in the main Senate hearings on Iraq. And he mainly chose people who supported a pro-war position. They argued in favor of ‘regime change as the stated US policy’ and warned of ‘a nuclear-armed Saddam sometime in this decade.’ That Iraqis would ‘welcome the United States as liberators’ and that Iraq’ permits known al-Qaida members to live and move freely about in Iraq’ and that ‘they are being supported.'”

“Breathing room” for Iraq. 

 Iraq’s ill-conceived invasion and occupation didn’t go as planned; the country slipped into a myriad of ethnic and sectarian conflicts. In November 2006, Biden and Leslie H. Gelb, President Emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations, released a “comprehensive strategy” to end sectarian violence in Iraq. Rather than continuing the previous approach or withdrawing the US forces, the plan called for “a third way”: federalizing Iraq and giving Kurds, Shiites, and Sunnis “breathing room” in their regions.

Read more: Kamala Harris: Biden’s running mate makes history for blacks in the USA

In September 2007, a non-binding resolution endorsing such a scheme passed the Senate, but the idea was unfamiliar, had no political legitimacy, and failed to gain traction. Iraq’s political leaders denounced the resolution as a de facto “Balkanization of Iraq,” The US Embassy in Baghdad issued a statement distancing itself from it. Foreign policy “maven” Biden laughed it off as nothing more than one of his facetious gaffes.

 Had supporting the illegal Iraq War been the only instance of Biden’s hawkish interventionism, one could have overlooked it. Nevertheless, he was also a vocal supporter of the so-called “humanitarian intervention” in Libya and Syria’s proxy war as Obama’s vice president.

Vested interests disguised as “Humanitarian intervention.”

 Addressing a seminar at Harvard in 2014, Joe Biden said that Saudi Arabia and the UAE had transferred hundreds of millions of dollars and large amounts of weaponry to various Islamist militias inside Syria, including at least one with ties to al Qaeda.

“The Turks are great friends, and I have a great relationship with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, … the Saudis, the Emiratis, etc. What were they doing? They were so determined to take down Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and essentially have a proxy Sunni-Shia war. What did they do?” Biden asked, according to a recording of the speech posted on the White House’s website.

Read more: USA and China need to understand true costs of war

“They poured hundreds of millions of dollars and tens of thousands of tons of weapons into anyone who would fight against Assad, except that the people who were being supplied were al-Nusra, and al Qaeda, and the extremist elements of jihadis coming from other parts of the world.”

Despite being a warmonger masquerading as “a pacifist,” former President Obama was at least smart to his credit. Having graduated as one of the law school’s poorest-performing students, then-Vice President Biden didn’t realize his remarks’ irony.

 The Gulf States, Turkey, and Jordan didn’t funnel money and weapons into Syria’s proxy war without Washington’s nod. The CIA’s Operation Timber Sycamore to train and arm Syrian militants battling the Bashar al-Assad government from 2012 to 2017 in Jordan and Turkey’s border regions was approved and supervised by the Obama administration of which Biden was the vice president and second-in-command.

 Blame games & unintended consequences 

Over the decades, it has been a convenient stratagem of the Western powers with two-party political systems, particularly the US, to evade responsibility for the death and destruction brought upon the hapless Middle Eastern countries by their predecessors by playing blame games and finger-pointing, as exemplified by Joe Biden in his asinine remarks.

 For instance, during the Soviet-Afghan jihad of the eighties, the Carter and Reagan administrations nurtured the Afghan jihadists against the Soviet-backed government in Kabul with the help of Saudi Petro-riyals and Pakistan’s intelligence agencies. The Afghan jihad created a flood of millions of refugees who sought refuge in Pakistan and Iran’s border regions.

The Reagan administration’s policy of providing training and arms to the Afghan militants had the unintended consequences of spawning al-Qaeda and the Taliban. It also destabilized the Afghan-Pak region. The region still suffers from lawlessness, perpetual anarchy, and an unrelenting Taliban insurgency more than four decades after the proxy war was fought in Afghanistan.

Read more: Donald Trump: a closeted racist at the helm of a wounded USA

 After the signing of the Geneva Accords in 1988, however, and the subsequent change of guard in Washington, the Clinton administration dissociated itself from the ill-fated Reagan administration’s policy of nurturing Afghan militants with the help of Gulf’s Petro-dollars and Pakistan’s intelligence agencies and laid the blame squarely on minor regional players.

 Similarly, during the Libyan so-called “humanitarian intervention” in 2011, the Obama administration provided money and arms to myriads of tribal militias and Islamic jihadists to topple the Arab-nationalist Gaddafi regime.

But after the policy backfired and pushed Libya into lawlessness, anarchy, and civil war, the mainstream media pointed the finger at Egypt, UAE, and Saudi Arabia for backing the renegade general Khalifa Haftar in eastern Libya. However, few mentioned that he had lived for more than two decades in the US right next to the CIA’s headquarter in Langley, Virginia.

 Plausible deniability 

Regarding Washington’s modus operandi of waging proxy wars in the Middle East, since the times of the Soviet-Afghan jihad during the eighties has been the fail-safe game plan of master strategists at NATO to raise money from the oil-rich emirates of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE, and Kuwait; then buy billions of dollars’ worth of weapons from the arms markets in Eastern Europe; and then provide those weapons and guerilla warfare training to the disaffected population of the victim country by using the intelligence agencies of the latter’s regional adversaries whether it’s Afghanistan, Libya or Syria, the same playbook executed to the letter.

Raising funds for proxy wars from the Gulf Arab States allows the Western executives the freedom to evade congressional scrutiny; the benefit of buying weapons from unregulated arms markets of Eastern Europe is that such weapons cannot be traced back to the Western capitals; and using jihadist proxies to achieve strategic objectives has the advantage of taking the plea of “plausible deniability” if the strategy backfires, which it often does. Remember that al-Qaeda and Taliban were the by-products of the Soviet-Afghan jihad, and the Islamic State and its global network of terrorists were the blowbacks of the proxy war in Syria.

The powerlessness of the US 

On the subject of the supposed “powerlessness” of the US in the global affairs, the Western think tanks, and the corporate media’s spin-doctors generally claim that Pakistan deceived Washington in Afghanistan by providing safe havens to the Taliban; Turkey hoodwinked the US in Syria by using the war against the Islamic State as a pretext for cracking down on Kurds; Saudi Arabia and UAE betrayed the US in Yemen by mounting ground offensive and airstrikes against the Houthis rebels; and once again, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Egypt went against the ostensible policy of the US in Libya by destabilizing the Tripoli-based government, even though Khalifa Haftar is known to be a CIA stooge.

 This perennially whining attitude of the Western corporate media that such and such regional players betrayed them; otherwise they were on top of their game is a clever stratagem that has been deliberately designed by the spin-doctors of the mainstream media and foreign policy think tanks to cast the Western powers in a positive light and vilify adversaries, even if the latter is their tactical allies in some of the regional conflicts.

 Hiding behind proxy wars

Fighting wars through proxies allow the international powerbrokers the luxury of taking the plea of “plausible deniability” in their defense.

Read more: USA-China battle it out in the Middle East

At the same time, they can shift all the blame for wrongdoing on minor regional players. The Western powers’ guilt lies in the fact that a system of international justice based on sound principles of morality and justice cannot be built where the violators can be punished for their wrongdoing, and the victims of injustice, tyranny, and violence can be protected.

 Selling Satan as saviors. 

Leaving the funding, training, and arming aspects of insurgencies aside, but mostly pertaining to conferring international legitimacy to an armed insurgency, like the Afghan so-called “freedom struggle” of the Cold War, or the supposedly “moderate and democratic” Libyan and Syrian uprisings of the contemporary era, it is merely beyond the power of minor regional players and their nascent media, which has a geographically and linguistically limited audience, to cast such heavily armed and brutal insurrections in a positive light in order to internationally legitimize them; only the Western mainstream media that has a global audience and which serves as the mouthpiece of the Western national security establishments has perfected this game of legitimizing the absurd and selling Satan as saviors.

Nauman Sadiq is an Islamabad-based attorney, columnist and geopolitical analyst focused on the politics of Af-Pak and Middle East regions, neocolonialism, and petro-imperialism.