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Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Kazakhstan arrests dozens of protesters ahead of vote


Police in Kazakhstan arrested dozens of protesters opposed to the country’s regime on Wednesday, after rare demonstrations decrying upcoming elections that critics say will extend decades of authoritarian rule in the Central Asian nation.

The interior ministry said that 80 people had been arrested in the country’s largest city Almaty and the capital Nur-Sultan. Hundreds of people reportedly gathered for an unsanctioned rally in the capital.

Several hundred people also gathered in Almaty’s central park to listen to activists, who criticised the rule of longtime leader Nursultan Nazarbayev and a June vote that his ally is expected to win.

An AFP correspondent saw around fifty demonstrators bundled into police vans after they left the park, which is popular with local families. Slogans shouted by protesters in Almaty included “Down with dictatorship”, “We have a choice” and “We are the power”.

Read more: Kazakh leader announces shock resignation after 30 years in power

Protesters were also critical of Nazarbayev’s ally Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, who was nominated for the ballot by the ruling party last month and has committed to continue his predecessor’s course. Tokayev took over as interim president in March following the shock resignation of Nazarbayev,who had ruled the ex-Soviet nation for three decades.

One of the protesters, Oksana, said she had come to the demonstration because “we are tired of everything our authorities are doing”. “They shut our mouths. We have no freedom of speech whatsoever,” she told AFP.

“We have the feeling that we live in a slave state, not a free country.” Nazarbayev, 78, shocked the country by calling time on his presidency, but he is still expected to call the shots in the oil-rich nation of 18 million people.

I came with my baby

Oksana complained that she had been arrested at one previous demonstration for holding a blue balloon — a trademark of the banned Democratic Choice of Kazakhstan (DCK) group led by Nazarbayev’s self-exiled nemesis, Mukhtar Ablyazov.

“This time I came with my young baby because I hope that then police will not arrest me, and I will be able to say everything that I want to say,” she said.

The Almaty rally began Wednesday afternoon when Oksana and another mother — both clutching their children — called for free elections and regime change before they were drowned out by music played over loudspeakers.

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Several figures dressed in animal costumes broke into the gathering crowd and began dancing, in what appeared a deliberate attempt to break up the demonstration. The crowd then regrouped and marched through the park continuing to shout slogans.

AFP identified at least one plainclothes police officer jostling for position with journalists to film the protesters.  Several people at the rally expressed support for Ablyazov’s group.

Broken Promises

Kazakh police typically arrest protesters before they can gather to demonstrate but initially exercised restraint on Wednesday as a vocal and energetic crowd was swelled by passersby. A city official said authorities would not detain anyone after he spent around an hour negotiating with demonstrators.

“Nobody is going to arrest anybody,”  Sultanbek Makezhanov told AFP. “You are asking the wrong questions.” Public gatherings in authoritarian Kazakhstan are illegal unless they receive permission from authorities, which is almost never provided in the case of political demonstrations.

Read more: Kazakhstan: weakened oil power in Central Asia

Tokayev, a 65-year-old former foreign minister, proposed renaming the country’s capital Nur-Sultan in Nazarbayev’s honour. The capital was previously called Astana. Kazakhstan, allied to Beijing and Moscow, has never held an election judged free or fair by Western election monitors.

Nazarbayev triumphed in the 2015 election with nearly 98 percent of the vote.

© Agence France-Presse