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Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Munir Akram praises UN chief’s report on much-needed multilateralism

Pak envoy Munir Akram hails UN chief's report on enhanced multilateralism as the world stands on the brink of destruction amid grave crisis. He adds that mobilizing international solidarity, both at the national, and international level is imperative as we witness vaccine apartheid, conflicts and climate crisis.

Pak UN envoy praises UN chief’s report on enhanced multilateralism and welcomes it as thoughtful and innovative landmark which sets forth United Nations Secretary General’s vision for global cooperation and that UN system must be reformed.

The UN chief’s report paints a bleak picture of the world laden with old lingering conflicts, where Covid-19 is constantly mutating, rich nations hoard vaccines, inequality within and among countries continue to rip apart the world ethos, human rights are eroding, heath systems are collapsing and climate change that has brought the world to the brink of annihilation. The world, in this scenario has two options; extended and continued multilateralism or mutually assured destruction.

When the report was launched in Friday, Pakistan’s permanent representative to United Nations, Ambassador Munir Akram said in a meeting of General assembly,

“It is quite clear that we need to look at mobilizing international solidarity, both at the national, and particularly at the international level as we witness vaccine apartheid,”

UN chief’s report is a comprehensive roadmap, Munir Akram

The report — the Common Agenda — sets out a bold plan for how the global community must tackle the climate crisis and loss of bio- diversity, pandemics, inequality and other existential crisis facing the world. It reflects upon the solutions needed to lift the world away from divisiveness and fragmentation and build upon lessons learnt from recent crises, including COVID-19.

“I would like to welcome the report that Secretary General has submitted to us, the common agenda, and his eloquent presentation of the report this morning,” the Pakistani envoy said. “We must look to the future as the report, and the Secretary-General have advocated but we also need to hold on to the past, to the principles of the charter, to the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) as the blueprint for development and for many of the commitments that have been made, and which we hope will be fulfilled, and not be lost in new processes”.

The report, he added, presents a rich field of ideas and proposals for new summits, and new processes. “We need to see what action we can derive from the processes,” Ambassador Akram said, adding, “What are the actual steps that are needed in concrete terms in order to deal with the crisis of today and the challenges of tomorrow.”

Read more: China, Pakistan agree to safeguard multilateralism, support UN central role

Old lingering conflicts that threaten international peace, Munir Akram

Referring to UN’s main responsibility for peace and security, the Pakistani envoy said, “Today, we are facing a surfeit of conflicts and disputes, old lingering conflicts, new and emerging threats to international peace and security and we believe that these are the kinds of threats that require attention at the level of leadership and the attention of those concerned at the highest levels.” Without such engagement, he said, it would be difficult to resolve some of these enduring conflicts and disputes.

At the same time, he added, a global arms race was taking place that has had no parallel in history, even during the Cold War, the nature of the arms race that was being undertaken at the present time, required political attention and political action, at the level of the international community and the United Nations.

Read more: China’s multilateral policies- a solution for global economic recovery?

UN reform is much needed

“We must reform, the UN system, the governance system, the Security Council, the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, and not throw away the Trusteeship Council because the trusteeship Council epitomizes the era of decolonization and decolonization, is not yet complete,” Ambassador Akram said. “But we’ve also in this process, I hope we’ll be able to analyze why we have failed in reforming the United Nations bodies. And what is it that they are meant to do, and meant to achieve and how this can be achieved in better ways.” “I think these are some of the self-reflections, we will have to engage in, as we discuss the Secretary General’s very rich and thoughtful and innovative report, as we go forward.”

UN chief’s report paints a bleak picture of the world

Earlier, introducing the report, Guterres prefaced his remarks with a scathing overview of the parlous state of a world he described as being under enormous stress, and warning that the world risks a future of “serious instability and climate chaos”. “From the climate crisis to our suicidal war on nature and the collapse of biodiversity, our global response is too little, too late”, declared the secretary-general. “Unchecked inequality is undermining social cohesion, creating fragilities that affect us all. Technology is moving ahead without guard rails to protect us from its unforeseen consequences.”

Enhanced multilateralism is a way to deal with world’s crisis

The UN chief went on to describe the extensive consultations that fed into its development, a listening exercise that led the UN to the conclusion that enhanced multilateralism is seen as the way to deal with the world’s crises. Two contrasting futures are laid out in the report: one of breakdown and perpetual crisis, and another in which there is a breakthrough, to a greener, safer future.

Read more: IMF approves reforms to help poor countries in economic recovery

UN chief offers two options, Pakistan hails for “enhanced multilateralism”

The doomsday scenario describes a world in which COVID-19 is endlessly mutating, because rich countries hoard vaccines, and health systems are overwhelmed. In that future, the planet becomes uninhabitable due to rising temperatures and extreme weather events, and a million species are on the brink of extinction. This is coupled by a continuous erosion of human rights, a massive loss of jobs and income, and growing protests and unrest, which are met by violent repression.

Or, we could go the other way, sharing vaccines equitably, and sparking a sustainable recovery in which the global economy is retooled to be more sustainable, resilient, and inclusive. By decarbonizing the economy, global temperature rises would be limited, countries heavily affected by climate change would be supported, and ecosystems would be preserved for future generations, the report said.

This approach would herald a new era for multilateralism, in which countries work together to solve global problems; the international system works fast to protect everyone in emergencies; and the UN is universally recognized as a trusted platform for collaboration.

Read more: Pakistan urges giving representation to world’s under-representative regions in reformed UNSC