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Tuesday, July 16, 2024

News anchors targeted by deepfake scammers on Facebook

Meta, the parent company of Facebook and Instagram, has banned deepfakes since early 2020, with some exceptions for parody and satire. Other platforms have similar policies.

In a Facebook video viewed by thousands, CNN’s Wolf Blitzer appears to hawk a diabetes drug. In another, “CBS Mornings” host Gayle King seems to endorse weight loss products.

But the clips are doctored — the latest in a rash of deepfakes that hijack images of trusted news personalities in spurious ads, undermining confidence in the news media.

Similar social media posts in recent months have targeted Fox News personality Jesse Watters, CBC host Ian Hanomansing and BBC stars Matthew Amroliwala and Sally Bundock.

Read more: Facebook owner Meta to launch Twitter-like ‘Threads’ app

In some cases, the journalists have used their own accounts to push back.

“I’ve never heard of this product or used it! Please don’t be fooled by these AI videos,” King said on Instagram in October.

After seeing clips of himself supposedly promoting cannabis products, CNN medical correspondent Sanjay Gupta also posted a warning: “These scams have nothing to do with me… my primary concern is for your health, and I do worry you could be harmed if you take these products.”

The manipulated videos push everything from unproven treatments to investment schemes — many promising “guaranteed income” or access to coveted shares. Some also use altered footage of billionaire Elon Musk, founder of Tesla and SpaceX.

Some include links to investment schemes, unapproved products or unrelated e-commerce websites that disappear after several days.

Meta, the parent company of Facebook and Instagram, has banned deepfakes since early 2020, with some exceptions for parody and satire. Other platforms have similar policies.

But such clips — many of which AFP has fact-checked — are still spreading online.

Read more: Facebook owner Meta to launch Twitter-like ‘Threads’ app

– Voice cloning –

“I have seen a rise in these types of videos where a person’s voice is cloned from as little as two minutes of their voice, and then any other video of them is modified so that the mouth is consistent with the new audio,” Hany Farid, a professor at the University of California-Berkeley specializing in digital forensics, previously told AFP.

Some deepfakes are easy to detect due to their poor quality. However, experts warn the technology is improving — and TV personalities are easy targets because there is ample footage available to train AI programs.

Read more: ‘I’M BACK’: Trump returns to Facebook, YouTube after two-year ban

The trend is worrisome because “people have grown to trust a newscaster like their friend,” according to Andrea Hickerson, dean of journalism at the University of Mississippi.

“It’s really dangerous because people aren’t expecting misinformation and disinformation to come in that way,” she said. “It looks like a traditional news outlet.”