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Saturday, April 13, 2024

No more US lockdowns as coronavirus vaccine in sight

The US government's healthcare czar has stated that the US will no longer be imposing lockdowns. He has also expressed hope of a coronavirus vaccine soon. Is the US decision to not lockdown again ill-timed?

The United States does not need more widespread lockdowns to bring its COVID-19 outbreak under control, despite the fact that the national daily infection rate has stayed flat, leading government expert Anthony Fauci said Thursday. Fauci has clearly stated that the world will see no more US lockdowns, also hinting at a possible coronavirus vaccine ‘soon’.

The physician-scientist added he was optimistic the world would soon have a vaccine that would end the pandemic, calling early trial results “encouraging.”

No more US lockdowns: Government to focus on controlling spread

“I don’t think we’re going to be talking about going back to lockdown,” he said when asked whether places like California and Texas that are seeing a surge in their caseload should reissue stay-at-home orders.

“I think we’re going to be talking about trying to better control those areas of the country that seem to be having a surge of cases.”

Read more: China starts developing another vaccine against the novel coronavirus

The US leads the world in the number of confirmed infections and in deaths, with the fatality toll approaching 120,000.

But while former epicenters New York and New Jersey have controlled their outbreaks, the virus is now increasing in 20 states — creating a plateau in the national case graph.

Fauci stressed a localized approach as the country returns to normal — including on the crucial question of when to reopen schools.

“Counties where there are certainly no cases at all, there’s no problem with the schools opening,” he said.

“There are other parts where there’s a modest amount of infection (where) you may delay school openings.”

For those regions in between, “you want to make some modification of the process, namely: alternate days, morning versus afternoon, seating people apart from each other wearing masks.”

No more US lockdowns but border re-openings will have to wait 

On the question of re-opening the country’s borders, he struck a cautious note.

“Obviously, there is an interest in getting back to some form of normality in our interactions with other countries,” he said, adding the topic was reviewed almost daily but refusing to give a timeline.

The 79-year-old has led the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases since 1984, and has overseen the nation’s response to every epidemic from HIV onward.

Read more: WHO warns of worsening global crisis as world emerges from lockdown

A growing issue however has been a loss of public faith in science, especially during the current crisis.

“Even when the recommendations are to wear a mask, a recommendation that I’ve been involved in making, there are some groups that actually do the recommendations very strictly,” said Fauci.

“And then… you see pictures of people in bars and in congregations without that. So again, it’s a mixed bag.”

Coronavirus vaccine is ‘doable’

Many within the scientific community have described the development of a vaccine for the SARS-CoV-2 virus as a “Moonshot” given there has never been a successful vaccine for any human coronavirus.

Then there is the fact that scientists have failed to develop a vaccine for HIV, despite trying for decades.

Fauci stressed that the two weren’t comparable.

“The reason I have more confidence with coronavirus is that we know the majority of people recover from COVID-19 because their immune system clears the virus,” he said.

Read more: Will Russian anti-Coronavirus drug ‘Avifavir’ be effective?

“So nature has already given you a proof of concept that it is doable.”

Since people who recover produce virus-fighting antibodies, scientists are confident that these antibodies can also be elicited by a man-made antigen.

Fauci added he was “cautiously optimistic” about the National Institutes of Health’s early animal studies on the Moderna vaccine, as well as early results from the human study which produced “encouraging” neutralizing antibodies.

Cautious optimism in the midst of scientific breakthroughs

But he added that just because the Moderna vaccine and another produced by Oxford University appeared to be “temporally ahead,” it did not mean their final results would be the best.

On the treatment front, Fauci said he was “very impressed” with results from a British trial into the steroid dexamethasone, which was found to reduce deaths among COVID-19 patients on ventilators by a third.

Read more: Coronavirus Pandemic: This is why prevention is better than Cure

However, given it works by suppressing the abnormal immune response that damages the body’s organs, rather than attacking the virus, Fauci cautioned it should not be prescribed too soon after a person was infected.

“It had no effect, if not maybe even a suggestion of making things worse early on,” he said.

“This is perfectly compatible with knowing that early on in infection, you need the immune system to suppress the virus.”

AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk

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