Experts from Pakistan, Turkey, and Iran have said that only an inclusive government in Kabul will lead to lasting peace and stability in Afghanistan and the region, said a press release.
They were speaking at a webinar organized by the Development Communications Network (Devcom Pakistan), an Islamabad-based non-governmental organization, on Saturday.
The US failed to build a strong defense in Afghanistan
Mushahid Hussain Sayed, a Pakistani lawmaker, said that despite huge investments the US could not build a strong defense in Afghanistan, which is a monumental failure of a superpower.
He said the US squandered $6.4 trillion on ‘war on terror’ including $2.2 trillion in Afghanistan, almost $100 billion on 300,000-strong Afghan army and air force, which roughly means spending $100 billion every month on the Afghan war for the last 20 years.
Regional countries to administer a coordinated response
Sayed urged regional countries to forge a coordinated policy with China, Russia, Iran, and Turkey at the core, as well as Central Asian neighbors of Afghanistan, for a comprehensive plan for peace and stability.
Lt. Gen. (retd) Asad Durrani, a former chief of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan’s premier intelligence agency, warned that Taliban’s takeover in Afghanistan could have spillover effects in Pakistan, and urged for dialogue.
After quickly overrunning smaller administrative districts and provincial hubs, the Taliban fighters entered the Afghan capital Kabul on Aug. 15 and seized power, taking control of the country for the first time in almost 20 years.
The government quickly folded, with President Ashraf Ghani and other key officials fleeing to safety abroad.
So far, the Taliban have announced a general amnesty for state employees, encouraged women to participate in its prospective government, and pledged that Afghan soil would not be a springboard for harming any country.
USA, NATO failed achieve their purposes in Afghanistan
The main losers in Afghanistan are the USA and NATO in particular and the West in general, said Prof. Ahmet Uysal, director of Middle Eastern Studies Center (ORSAM) in Ankara.
He argued that this is because the USA and its allies invested in Afghanistan invasion, hoping to establish a unipolar Western hegemony along with the invasion in Iraq, “but they failed miserably.”
Uysal said India and other US allies such as Israel and some of the Gulf countries are also on the losing end.
“They all have witnessed that the US alliance was not dependable and could leave its ally alone anytime,” he said, according to the statement.
The academic termed Pakistan, China, Russia as the winners, and Turkey and Iran to some extent.
FS Sohail Mahmood received Chinese Sp. Envoy for Afghanistan Yue Xiaoyong; exchanged views on evolving situation in Afg; stressed the importance of safety, security, stability, inclusive political settlement, and international engagement. Agreed to maintain close coordination pic.twitter.com/gDW2ireHWl
— Spokesperson 🇵🇰 MoFA (@ForeignOfficePk) August 20, 2021
Somaye Morovati, the director of South Asian Studies at Tehran International Studies and Research Institute, said neighboring countries should strive to facilitate a smooth transition in Afghanistan for the sake of regional stability.