Pro-Iran protesters dug in outside the US embassy in Baghdad on Wednesday, throwing rocks and burning US flags a day after making a dramatic incursion into the compound.

Thousands of Iraqi supporters of the largely Iranian-trained Hashed al-Shaabi paramilitary force had gathered at the embassy on Tuesday, outraged by US strikes that killed 25 Hashed fighters over the weekend.


They marched unimpeded through the checkpoints of the usually high-security Green Zone to the embassy gates, where they broke through a reception area, chanting “Death to America” and scribbling pro-Iran graffiti on the walls.

The protesters set up portable toilets and some 50 tents outside the perimeter wall vowing not to leave until US forces quit Iraq. On Wednesday morning, a truck delivered hundreds of mattresses in an indication of the protesters’ plans.

Crowds of men, some in military fatigues, brandished Hashed flags and chanted anti-US slogans. “I spent the night here and I won’t leave until the Americans leave and we enter the embassy,” said one protester, who identified himself only as Abbas.

Read more: Iran fights to push US out of Iraq

Some protesters set US flags on fire and hurled rocks towards the compound. Security personnel inside responded with tear gas, wounding several protesters.

They will pay

Tuesday’s embassy attack was the latest episode in spiralling tensions between the United States and Iran since Washington abandoned a landamrk nuclear deal with Tehran in 2018.

Many of those tensions have played out in Iraq, which has close ties with both governments. US forces, who number some 5,200 across Iraq, have faced a spate of rocket attacks in recent months which US officials have blamed on pro-Iran factions within the Hashed.

Pro-Iran protesters dug in outside the US embassy in Baghdad on Wednesday, throwing rocks and burning US flags a day after making a dramatic incursion into the compound

Last week, one of those attacks killed a US contractor, prompting retaliatory US airstrikes on a hardline Hashed faction known as Kataeb Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades). The strikes killed 25 fighters from Kataeb Hezbollah, which organised Tuesday’s march to the embassy gates.

In his first comments on the strikes, Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Wednesday strongly condemned US “malice”. President Donald Trump and other top US officials have blamed Iran for the storming of the embassy compound.

“They will pay a very BIG PRICE! This is not a Warning, it is a Threat,” Trump wrote on Twitter, adding “Happy New Year!”

Read more: Pro-Iran protesters dig in outside US embassy in Baghdad

Alarmed that protesters were able to reach the embassy so easily, US officials have pressured Iraqi forces to step up security and sent a rapid response team of marines to help guard the compound overnight.

US Defence Secretary Mark Esper said around 750 troops from the 82nd Airborne Division were prepared to deploy to the region in the coming days.

Ties ‘coldest’ in years?

By Wednesday, Iraqi forces had reimposed normal security measures around the perimeter of the Green Zone, usually inaccessible without a badge. But they did not remove the crowds that had spent the night inside.

No US personnel were injured and US officials said there were no plans to evacuate the mission. Ambassador Matthew Tueller, who had been on holiday, was said to be on his way back to Baghdad.

The attack highlighted the strains in the US-Iraqi relationship, which officials from both countries have described to AFP as the “coldest” in years.

Read more: US embassy in Iraq stormed by protestors infuriated over recent American airstrikes on Iraqi soil

The US led the 2003 invasion against then-dictator Saddam Hussein and has worked closely with Iraqi officials since then, but its influence has waned in the face of Tehran’s growing clout in Baghdad.

The dramatic scenes at the embassy on Tuesday sparked comparisons with both the 1979 hostage crisis at the US embassy in Tehran and the deadly 2012 attack on the US consulate in Libya’s second city Benghazi.

US and Iran proxy war

Iraq is used to finding itself in the middle of the tensions between the two countries that have been at odds for decades but are, ironically, Iraq’s closest partners.

Iraq gets security and economic support from the United States for the long-term effort to defeat ISIS, while Iran also provides security support and is aligned with Iraq’s majority Shiite population.

But this time the stakes are higher for Iraq as the U.S. accuses Iran of engaging in a “campaign” across the Middle East to threaten U.S. forces and partner nations, the main reason why the Pentagon dispatched an aircraft carrier and other forces to deter attacks that could be carried out by Iran or Iranian-backed groups.

U.S. officials are concerned that Iran has given the green light to Iranian-backed militias in Iraq to attack the more than 5,200 U.S. forces helping Iraqi Security Forces. And reflecting the unique situation in Iraq, some of those security forces are Iranian-backed militias that fall under the control of the Iraqi government.

GVS News Desk with additions from news agencies.