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Sunday, April 14, 2024

Stronger together? India-US ties set to experience an uptick after Ladakh

The relations between India and the United States are set to experience a greater depth after the former was humiliated at a disputed border region by neighbour China. It seems that the United States has bet it all on India for containment of China, and the US policy on this matter will be the same regardless of who is in the White House come November 2020.

A border clash has plunged ties between India and China to their lowest point in decades. But one relationship, it seems, will get stronger — the US-India ties. Experts say India could finally end equivocation about openly aligning itself with the long-eager United States, although there will still be disagreements — which, paradoxically, are now mostly due to Washington.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told reporters that China “took incredibly aggressive action” in a hand-to-hand battle in the remote Himalayas on June 15 that killed 20 Indian soldiers.

Pompeo hints toward stronger US-India ties

The hawkish Pompeo characterized the violence as part of a broader strategy by Beijing to challenge all of its neighbors.

Jeff M. Smith, a research fellow at the conservative Heritage Foundation who has written a book on the India-China rivalry, said the United States is known to offer border intelligence to India, which is now likely to pick up the pace on defense acquisitions.


But Smith said that India has asked the United States to be publicly circumspect — in part to show the domestic audience that New Delhi does not need help.

India also does not want “to feed Chinese propaganda narratives that this is all a component of the China-US rivalry and that India is working at America’s behest,” Smith said.

Read more: Geo-political implications of the China-India standoff at Ladakh

Michael Kugelman, a South Asia expert at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, cautioned that neither India nor China wanted a complete rupture and said that both still saw some common interests, especially in international organizations.

“But make no mistake: This current India-China crisis is a watershed for the geopolitics of Asia, and the US-India relationship will be one of the main beneficiaries,” he said.

“Previous Indian concern about antagonizing China if it moves closer to the US is starting to melt away.”

Stronger US-India ties: hitherto a transactional relationship

The United States has been seeking warmer ties since the 1990s with India, which insisted during the Cold War on being “non-aligned” on the global stage.

President Donald Trump has appeared to form a bond with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, a fellow nationalist who warns of the threat of radical Islam, and the pair have held two joint mega-rallies.

But Trump, his eyes at home ahead of elections, has also taken action detrimental to India, including last year kicking it out of a preferential trade status under which it had exported billions of dollars in goods.

Trump, citing the coronavirus pandemic, more recently has suspended high-tech visas and threatened to expel international students, moves with significant impacts on Indians.

India is happy to see Trump’s tougher stances on China as well as historic adversary Pakistan but also feels demands, especially on trade, said Aparna Pande, director of the Hudson Institute’s Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia.

Read more: China adamant on teaching India a lesson?

“It is a semi-transactional relationship. It is not a strategic relationship, as it was in earlier years,” she said.

Trump, who has frequently sparred with Western allies, may not even want a more committed relationship with India, she said.

“I wouldn’t say there is as much reluctance on the Indian side. That has calmed down,” Pande said.

“The two are closer than they have ever been. But are the two ready to take that extra step?”

Ties will be warm regardless of US election result

In another recent shift, US lawmakers, mostly Democrats, have openly criticized India on human rights, including Modi’s revocation of autonomy and controls on the internet in Muslim-majority Kashmir.

Anthony Blinken, a close aide to presidential candidate Joe Biden, said that the Democrat, if he defeats Trump, would seek to “strengthen and deepen” the relationship with India. But Blinken shared concerns on freedoms.

“You’re always better engaging with a partner, and a vitally important one like India, when you can speak frankly and directly about areas where you have differences,” Blinken said at the Hudson Institute.

Read more: India reinforces Ladakh as China holds ground: sources

Trump has stayed mum on rights and has offered, with little detail, to mediate between India and China.

But John Bolton, Trump’s former national security advisor who recently published an explosive memoir, doubted Trump understood the border situation.

“He may have been briefed on it, but history doesn’t really stick with him,” Bolton told Indian news channel WION.

Watch Dr. Mooed Pirzada and Najma Minhas discuss the geopolitical implications of the India-China standoff, especially with regards to multilateralism and United States:

AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk