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Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Target Attack on Afghanistan’s former Intelligence Chief

Deadly violence marred the start of Afghanistan's election season on the weekend, after President Ashraf Ghani insisted "peace is coming" to the war-torn nation.

News Desk |

Afghan security forces inspected the aftermath of the attack against the former chief of Afghanistan’s Intelligence Service and Ghani’s running mate for Vice President, Amrullah Saleh.

The violence came on the first day of campaigning for the upcoming presidential elections, serving as a grim reminder of Afghanistan’s woeful security situation and the sort of mayhem and murder that have beset previous polls.

At least 20 people were killed and 50 others wounded; the Afghan forces killed three militants who entered Saleh’s four-story office after a suicide bomber blew himself up during rush hour, said the interior ministry.

The attack began around 4:40 pm (1210 GMT), when a huge blast struck near the office of Green Trend, a youth and reform-focused civil society organisation Saleh heads. He escaped without serious injury, his office said.

After about six hours the siege ended with all attackers killed and the rescue of about 150 people who had been trapped in the building, according to the interior ministry.

No group immediately claimed responsibility.

Earlier on Sunday, a buoyant Ghani kicked off his campaign by insisting “peace is coming,” after nearly 18 years of conflict, and that pivotal talks with the Islamist extremist Taliban would take place.

Read more: Afghanistan’s upcoming Elections: Will they be held?

He is hoping to fend off challenges from 17 other candidates to score a second term at twice-postponed presidential elections now slated for September 28.

On Saturday Ghani’s peace minister, Abdul Salam Rahimi, said direct talks would take place with the Taliban within two weeks as part of a larger, US-led push for peace.

Such a development could be crucial, as the Taliban – who now control or influence about half of Afghanistan – have so far refused to speak to Ghani’s government. They consider the Kabul administration illegitimate.

Amrullah Saleh – Ghani’s Right Hand

Amrullah Saleh served as the interior minister of Afghanistan till January 19, 2019, and as head of the National Directorate of Security(NDS) from 2004 until his resignation in 2010.

Prior to heading the Afghan intelligence, he was a member of Ahmad Shah Massoud’s Northern Alliance.

In 1997, Saleh was appointed by Massoud to serve as Northern Alliance’s liaison office inside the Afghan Embassy in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, handling contacts to international non-governmental (humanitarian) organizations and intelligence agencies.

After resigning from the NDS in 2010, Saleh created a pro-democracy and anti-Taliban movement called “Basej-e Milli” – National Mobilization, and Green Trend.

In March 2017, he was appointed as State Minister for Security Reforms by President Ashraf Ghani; and in December 2018, he was appointed as the Interior Minister by Ghani. He resigned as the Interior Minister on January 19, 2019 to join Ashraf Ghani’s election team.

Despondent voters

War aside, the country faces a host of major issues ahead of the election, including rocketing crime, a lackluster economy, soaring unemployment, and crumbling infrastructure.

Voters are despondent about the prospects of a fair election. Many worry about a repeat of violent attacks on previous polling stations by the Taliban and other insurgent groups trying to undermine Afghanistan’s fragile democracy.

Ghani insisted this year’s vote would be “clean”, but distrust is rife.

Sayed Jan, a 27-year-old student, said he won’t be voting as he has lost faith since the 2014 election that was mired in allegations of fraud and ballot stuffing.

“We have been betrayed by the candidates in the past. We cannot trust them this time,” he told reporters.

“We need peace in Afghanistan instead of elections. Even if I vote, the election will be fraudulent.”

Opportunities for peace

In Kabul, security forces fanned out across the city as leading candidates held rallies.

Ghani’s top rival is Abdullah Abdullah, who currently serves as the president’s chief executive under an awkward power-sharing arrangement brokered by the US after the 2014 election.

“It is our national and religious duty to take advantage of any opportunities for peace,” Abdullah told a campaign rally.

One crucial issue is that the elections happen at all: they were postponed twice this year and further delays could lead to more distrust.

Despite Ghani’s claim that a summit between his government and the Taliban would take place shortly, the insurgents said they would only talk to Kabul after the US had announced a timeline for a withdrawal of foreign forces – a major part of any deal.

Read more: Afghanistan: Peace talks & hiccups

“The Kabul administration will be considered a political side, just like others, and not a government,” Taliban political spokesman Suhail Shaheen wrote in Pashto on Twitter.

Diplomatic sources have told reporters the Afghan-Taliban talks are scheduled to begin in Oslo on August 7.

US peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad said Saturday that new “intra-Afghan” negotiations would only take place after the US and Taliban had concluded their own agreements.

Washington is hoping for a political agreement with the insurgents ahead of the September presidential election.

Other presidential candidates include Ghani’s former national security advisor Hanif Atmar and former warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, nicknamed the “Butcher of Kabul” for his alleged role in the killing of thousands of people in the capital in the 1990s.

AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk