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Thursday, May 23, 2024

The US and Europe: Friends or Foe?

The US wants Europe to take a truculent stance against China. Europe remained reluctant to follow the US when it came to China thoroughly. Days before Biden came to puissance, China secured a critical trade deal with European Amalgamation.

The US is going through an intriguing historical time where structural requisites engender friction with domestic demands. Internationally, the US is pursuing multi-spectrum competition with China, and war withal returned to Europe after decenniums of relative tranquility. The US wanted to engender a coalition to deter China and Russia. At equipollent, the US is pursuing policies such as the green energy bill and other economic policies engendering friction with its European allies. As a result of these policies, the European allies can become vulnerable and susceptible to hybrid threats.

US President Joe Biden signed an immense package of green subsidies. Inflation Abbreviation Act will dole out 396 in cooperating bungs as early as January, engendering rifts between Europe and the US. This act gives subsidies and tax breaks to the products made in North America, or countries such as Mexico and Canada will get a subsidy of $ 7500. In contrast, those electric cars whose components are even made will not get these subsidies. The European politicians are limpidly saying that Europe is not facing challenges just because of Russia, but they are facing challenges due to the policies of Uncle Sam. The EU has listed 9 points in the Biden Inflation abbreviation act that can breach World Trade Organizations Rules.

Read more: Europe’s biggest port ‘drowning in cocaine’

This coalition will challenge due to the economic conditions

According to the economist, due to the energy shortage in Europe, 100000 extra people can die. European companies are reacting positively to the American subsidies. Northvolt, a Swedish Battery Company, showed its inclination to expand its business in the US. In addition, Iberdrola, a Spanish energy company, doubled its investment in the US compared to the EU. Basf, a German chemicals giant, recently gave an orchestration for shrinking their business in Europe. Multiple CEOs of European companies admonished that the EU can face mass deindustrialization.

The EU is additionally facing the challenge of an energy crisis. The European bellwethers are going to pay the price of it. French President Emmanuel Macron won the last election; however, they lost the majority in parliament. Many European bellwethers and he faces a winter of discontent because of the low energy prices and looming recession. Albeit there was palliation in inflation this month, inflation remains in double digits. Ukraine’s war showed that relying on Russian gas is not a reliable concept for the EU.

First, the US wants Europe to take challenges on China, and concurrently, conflict with Russia is threatening the security of Europe. The US is additionally pursuing policies that are nationalistic, which are compulsory for domestic political stability. The US and Europe need to be more aligned on significant strategic and economic issues. Furthermore, it will emasculate the US facility to deter complex security challenges and engender a cumulated front against China. The US additionally wants Europe to take a truculent stance against China. Europe remained reluctant to follow the US when it came to China thoroughly. Days afore Biden came to puissance, China secured a critical trade deal with European Amalgamation.

Albeit the Biden administration even endeavored to stall the deal till the last moment, the EU went ahead with the trade deal. Albeit the US is fortifying Ukraine in the war against Russia and withal NATO countries have joined hands against conventional and nuclear threats; however, deterrence against hybrid threats becomes more impuissant. Recently, Wall Street Journal published an exclusive story in which they verbalized Russia’s head of a propaganda agency verbalized utilizing information warfare. The US also incriminates Russia of interfering in the anterior election and spreading misinformation in the EU.

Read more: Russia-Ukraine conflict intensifies energy crisis in Europe

It can have a negative perspective on the security of Europe. First, resentment against the political elite can spread out of hand. Furthermore, it can engender political instability against the political elite in Europe. Other countries, such as Russia, can facilely weaponize the instability. If it engenders political instability in Europe, then information warfare becomes facile. Secondly, the EU has recently faced challenges cognate to populism, and France additionally faced yellow jacket protests.

All these aspects will debilitate the trans-Atlantic coalition at a critical juncture when the continent is facing war, and concurrently, the US is envisioning a coalition of democracies against China. Facing threats domestically, the EU countries might intenerate their stance on China and withal collaborate to truncate reliance on the US. The policy space for the US is additionally shrinking because it needs to increment magnify its economy to abbreviate the possibility of returning Trump or any other hardliner.

Before the Ukraine war, European institutions were under immense pressure and on the verge of collapse. Recently, the French President visited the US and called for US cooperation in dealing with collective challenges. Albeit the Democratic Party performed well in mid-term elections and Trump’s popularity seems to be declining; however, Ron Densities like bellwethers are emerging who additionally do not have a wildly divergent view about transnational cooperation than Trump. It can withal increase the possibility of the return of right-wing populism in Europe.



Zohaib Altaf is Research Officer in the CISS AJk. He is working on Nuclear Politics & Disarmament, Emerging Technologies, and New Trends in Warfare. The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space.