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Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Turkey, Russia discuss Libya war ceasefire

Turkey and Russia met to discuss a possible ceasefire in the Libya war. There has been an ongoing tussle between UN and Turkey-backed government forces in Tripoli, and Egypt-backed rebel forces led by Hiftar.

Turkish and Russian delegations met on Wednesday in Turkey’s capital to discuss the war in Libya and agreed to press ahead with efforts for a lasting ceasefire in the North African country, Turkeys Foreign Ministry said.

A joint statement released after the meeting said They also agreed to joint efforts to advance a political dialogue.

Turkey and Russia want ceasefire in Libya war

Turkish-backed forces allied with the UN-supported government in Tripoli, the capital, are mobilising on the edges Sirte and have vowed to retake the Mediterranean city, along with the inland Jufra airbase, from rival forces commanded by Khalifa Hifter. Hifter’s forces are based in the east.

The Turkish and Russian delegations will consider creating a joint working group on Libya and were scheduled to hold more consultations in Moscow in the near future, according to the statement.

The meeting between Turkish and Russian officials comes amid heightened tensions between powers supporting the rival factions in the Libyan conflict.

This week, Egypt’s Parliament authorised the deployment of troops outside of the country in a move that threatened to escalate the spiraling war and bring Egypt and Turkey into a direct confrontation.

Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shukry said on Wednesday that achieving a political solution in Libya requires a firm response to extremists and foreign interference that not only threaten Egypt’s interests but also the security of Mediterranean countries.

Egypt, worried about security along its long desert border with Libya, has long backed Hiftar who is based in adjoining eastern Libya.

Peace proposals unfruitful so far

President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in June, after the GNA’s gains, proposed a ceasefire and then warned that Cairo could intervene militarily to halt a further eastward march by the unity government forces.

He noted that a peace proposal announced in Cairo last month aimed at stabilising Libya and eliminating militants and militias in the oil-rich country. The proposal announced by President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi included a ceasefire and a new elected presidential body representing the three Libyan regions.

The east Libya camp accepted the proposal, dubbed the Cairo Declaration, while the Tripoli-based administration rejected it.

Shukry’s comments came in separate phone calls with Frances Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian and German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, according to a statement from Egypt’s Foreign Ministry.

Meanwhile, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan chaired a high-level security meeting that focused on Libya and other issues on Wednesday.

Read more: Russia-Turkey accord over Libya a possibility: analysts

A statement released at the end of the National Security Council meeting said Turkey would not hesitate to take all steps necessary against all kinds of bullying” taking place in Libya. It did not elaborate.

Drawn by Hifter’s anti-Islamist stance, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and other foreign powers have provided his forces with critical military assistance. Russia has also emerged as a key supporter of Hifter, sending hundreds of mercenaries through the Wagner Group, a private military company. Along with Turkey, the Tripoli-based administration is backed by the wealthy Gulf state of Qatar and Italy.

Background on war in Libya

Libya was plunged into chaos when a Nato-backed uprising in 2011 toppled longtime dictator Moammar Qadhafi, who was later killed.

Oil-rich Libya has been torn by violence since the 2011 toppling and killing of longtime dictator Moamer Khadafi in an uprising backed by a NATO bombing campaign supported by other foreign powers.

The North African country has since become a battle ground for tribal militias, jihadists and mercenaries and a major gateway for desperate migrants bound for Europe.

Read more: What are the vested interests in Libya?

Multiple foreign powers have sent fighters and weapons to Libya, fuelling a bloody proxy war that reflects wider geopolitical rifts and divisions in the Middle East and within NATO.

Since 2015, the UN-recognised, Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) has battled against strongman Khalifa Haftar, based in the eastern city of Benghazi.

Turkey’s military support for the GNA has recently tipped the balance and allowed its forces in June to repel Haftar’s 14-month advance on Tripoli and launch a counteroffensive.

But analysts warn that Russia and Turkey are only two parties — albeit important ones — in the hugely complex war in Libya which has been riven by unrest since the fall of dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011.

GVS News Desk with additional input from other sources