The Taliban said Sunday they remain committed to peace talks but insisted a “genuine Islamic system” in Afghanistan was the only way to end the war and ensure rights — including for women.
Talks between the militants and the Afghan government have been deadlocked for months and violence has surged across the country since May when the US military began its final withdrawal. Fears are also growing that if the Taliban return to power they will reimpose their harsh version of Islamic law. Despite the rise in violence, Taliban co-founder and deputy leader Mulla Abdul Ghani Baradar said Sunday that the group was committed to the peace talks.
“Our very participation in the negotiations… indicates openly that we believe in resolving issues through (mutual) understanding,” Baradar said in a statement. He said the only way to end the conflict in Afghanistan was to establish an Islamic system after the departure of all foreign forces. “A genuine Islamic system is the best mean for solution of all issues of the Afghans,” Baradar said, according to international media reports.
Read more: No peace in sight for Afghanistan?
His statement acknowledged the fears in Afghanistan and abroad about the kind of system that would emerge — and its impact on women — saying that fell “within the ambit of the intra-Afghan negotiations”.
Baradar also assured that the rights of all Afghans including women would be accommodated in that system, according to “the glorious religion of Islam” and Afghan traditions.
But many fear that the Taliban’s interpretation of rights will clash with the changes that have happened in Afghan society since 2001. In May, a US intelligence report said the gains made over the past two decades on women´s rights would be rolled back if the militants returned to power. As the US military presses ahead to meet the September 11 deadline to complete the troop withdrawal, the Taliban have fought daily battles with government forces and claim to have captured 40 districts.
What is this “genuine Taliban Islamic system”??!! Is it the killings of innocent Afghans-destruction of schools, universities, buildings and roads, is it beating women and not allowing them study!?? What is this? https://t.co/IuD95o98Ie
— Sediq Sediqqi (@CivicPolity) June 20, 2021
The growing fear and uncertainty about the future have forced many Afghans to try and leave, including thousands of men and women who fear reprisals because they worked with foreign forces. Baradar called on Afghan youths to not leave the country, and also stressed that the Taliban would ensure that minorities, humanitarian organisations and diplomats had nothing to fear. The recent losses faced by government troops have forced President Ashraf Ghani to change his defence and interior ministers as well as the military chief.
On Saturday, he announced the changes and called on the Taliban to make a choice between peace and enmity with the government. “If they choose enmity then the people will respond to them decisively,” he said late on Saturday in a statement issued by the palace. Ghani blamed the Taliban for starting the war and accused them of failing to come up with a plan to establish peace.
“As officials of a legitimate government, we are committed to all the humanitarian laws in the war, but the Taliban are violating these laws and are destroying Afghanistan,” he said. The changes come as Afghan security forces battle the Taliban in 28 of 34 provinces in the country, with the hardline Islamic group claiming more territory in recent weeks.
Bismillah Khan Mohammadi was appointed as caretaker defence minister replacing Asadullah Khalid, who had recently returned to the country after a prolonged illness while Abdul Sattar Mirzakwal was picked as new interior minister replacing Hayatullah Hayat.
A senior commander under late anti-Soviet resistance hero Ahmad Shah Massoud, Mohammadi has had a long military career and served as interior minister, defence minister and army chief of staff in the government of former president Hamid Karzai. General Wali Mohammad Ahmadzai was appointed as the new chief of army staff, replacing General Yasin Zia, the palace said.
Ashraf Ghani and Afghanistan’s head of the peace process Dr Abdullah Abdullah will also meet Joe Biden at the White House on Friday to discuss future strategy.
AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk