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Thursday, February 15, 2024

Locusts being fed to chickens in Pakistan: a creative solution

As Pakistan goes through one of the worst locust attacks, it is estimated that the country could lose $5 billion if crops are ruined. However, locusts have begun to be caught and used in chicken feed. This could help farmers earn some income and help preserve crops.

Chickens in Pakistan have been feasting on captured locusts under an initiative to combat swarms of the insects that are threatening food supplies in the impoverished country.

Prime Minister Imran Khan has endorsed plans to expand a pilot project in the bread-basket province of Punjab, where villagers earned cash to gather locusts that were then dried out, shredded and added into poultry feed.

Locust attack in Pakistan

Farmers are struggling as the worst locust plague in 25 years wipes out entire harvests in Pakistan’s agricultural heartlands, leaving people scrambling for income.

According to details released by the National Locust Control Center (NLCC) on Tuesday, joint teams of the Ministry of Food Security, Provincial Departments of Agriculture and Pakistan Army are conducting a comprehensive survey and control operation against locusts in different districts of the country. More than 1,142 joint military teams are taking part in the operation.

Read more: Pakistan carries out locus control operations

So far 238399 square kilometers (approximately 24 million hectares) have been surveyed, while control operations have been carried out in an area of 5389 square kilometers (approximately 538934 hectares). In the last 24 hours, 96547 hectare area was surveyed in Punjab province and locust infestation was confirmed in 2 districts (Mianwali and DG Khan) and anti-locust operation was carried out in 63 hectare area. More than 2191 people and more than 217 vehicles took part in the operation.

In addition to aerial spraying with the help of airplanes and helicopters, non-conventional methods are also being used for effective control of locust during control operations.

Locusts caught and fed to chickens in Pakistan 

Muhammad Khurshid from Pakistan’s food ministry and biotechnologist Johar Ali set up the programme, drawing on efforts in war-ravaged Yemen, where authorities have encouraged people to eat the protein-rich locusts amid famine.

The pair chose Punjab’s Okara district, where farmers had not used any pesticides that would make locusts unsuitable for consumption.

“We first had to learn, and then teach the locals how to catch the locusts. Nets are useless against them,” Khurshid told AFP.

At night the creatures cluster on trees and plants, making them easy to scoop up as they lie motionless in the cooler temperatures until the sun begins to rise.

For a reward of 20 rupees (12 cents) per kilogram of locusts, locals worked all night to collect them.

One farmer who lost all her crops to the insects said she and her son earned 1,600 rupees ($10) during a single locust-gathering outing, helping to offset the financial damage.

Organisers struggled at first to convince farmers to join the hunt, but by the third night word had spread and hundreds joined in — turning up with their own bags to stuff full.

With 20 tonnes of captured locusts, authorities ran out of money to pay the collectors and the programme was paused.

The ministry, which recently announced the results of February’s pilot, is now preparing to expand the project to other locations.

Chicken feed with locusts to provide Pakistani farmers with revenue 

The harvested locusts went to Hi-Tech Feeds — Pakistan’s largest animal-feed producer — which substituted 10 percent of the soybean in its chicken food with the insects.

“There was no issue with the feed, the locusts have a good potential for use in poultry feed,” general manager Muhammad Athar said, after trying the modified product on 500 broiler hens.

While the project is not a solution to the devastation caused to crops, it can provide hard-hit farmers with a fresh revenue stream and relieve pressure on authorities struggling to distribute locust-beating pesticides.

Imran Khan, prime minister, has said he wants to extend the pilot project which saw farmers paid by the kilogram to catch the insects so they could be made into protein-rich poultry food.

The scheme would provide much needed income to farmers in some of the poorest parts of the country.

A pilot scheme in Okara in Punjab province saw locals paid 20 rupees (10p) per kilo of locusts. Once word got round, the nightly haul averaged some seven tonnes of locusts.

Poultry feed is normally made from mashed soya beans, but locusts provide a far higher level of protein.

Thus, locusts being fed to chickens in Pakistan could help farmers earn some extra revenue as well as preserve their crops.

Locust crisis could cost Pakistan billions

Locust swarms have gnawed their way through crops across East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and parts of India this year, and experts fear their numbers will explode as monsoon rains arrive this month.

The crisis is so severe that the government has declared a nationwide emergency and appealed for help from the international community.

Adult desert locust swarms can fly up to 150 km a day with the wind and adult insects can consume roughly their own weight in fresh food per day. A single square kilometer swarm can eat as much food in a day as 35,000 people.

Read more: Tiddi Dal: Can Pakistan and India jointly combat the worst locust attack?

They feed on nearly all green vegetation – leaves, flowers, bark, stems, fruit, and seeds – and crops including millet, rice, maize, sorghum, sugarcane, barley, cotton, fruit trees, date palm, vegetables, rangeland grasses, acacia, pines and banana.

Bananas, mangoes, vegetables and other crops are all vulnerable — raising fears of food shortages — as are the wheat and cotton harvests that provide Pakistan with vital revenue.

According to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, Pakistan could suffer about $5 billion in losses if 25 percent of its crops are damaged.

A reduced harvest could also push prices up and risks worsening food insecurity.

About 20 percent of the population are already undernourished, with almost half of all children under five stunted, according to the World Food Programme.

AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk