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Saturday, April 13, 2024

Monsoon in India to add insult to virus injury

The Monsoon season in India, set to begin shortly, will further complicate the country's efforts to combat the raging coronavirus pandemic. Shortages of essentials, and especially healthcare workers, is expected during, and in the aftermath of, the monsoon.

With hospitals already severely stretched, coronavirus-hit India is now bracing for the monsoon and its deadly annual onslaught of mosquito-borne illnesses, with an overwhelmed army of public health workers the only defence. The Monsoon will complicate the coronavirus situation in India, which is already facing an acute shortage of essential services amid the pandemic.

Every year illnesses such as dengue fever and malaria infect more than half a million people and kill hundreds in India as the monsoon brings much-needed rain but also devastation and disease.

Monsoon will complicate coronavirus situation in India say experts

With more than three decades of experience as a doctor in India’s chronically underfunded public healthcare system, Vidya Thakur — medical superintendent at Mumbai’s Rajawadi Hospital — is used to managing “heavy burdens”.

But now, she says, “COVID-19 has left us helpless… and the monsoon will make things even more difficult”.

Every bit of space at the 580-bed state-run hospital where she works is already devoted to dealing with the pandemic. Beds crowd corridors, storage rooms function as wards and staff are overworked.

Read more: Hospital beds in Delhi scarce, fuelling coronavirus fears

At Mumbai’s massive Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital, better known as Sion, undergraduates have been drafted into service, medical resident Shariva Ranadive told AFP.

Many experienced doctors and nurses are staying on the sidelines because they are vulnerable to the virus due to their age or pre-existing conditions such as diabetes.

“Everyone is working constantly… we are overwhelmed,” Thakur told AFP.

sting operation by the Times Now TV channel showed five Delhi hospitals asking coronavirus patients to pay up to $5,250 in order to be admitted.

And now with the monsoon having arrived in Mumbai on its months-long journey northwards, she is readying for the usual rush of seasonal ailments.

A particular problem is that many season illnesses have symptoms that are virtually indistinguishable from coronavirus, such as fever, breathing difficulties and loss of appetite.

This means more testing, more isolation beds and more protective equipment will be needed to ensure that patients are diagnosed correctly and not exposed to coronavirus too.

“We will need to treat everyone as if they were a COVID-19 patient,” said Thakur. “Every precaution will have to be taken.”

Monsoon in India: shortages of essentials expected 

Healthcare workers are not the only ones battling exhaustion.

A months-long lockdown to prevent the epidemic from spreading left Mumbai with an acute shortage of sanitation workers.

Thousands of public health workers who fumigate neighbourhoods to kill disease-carrying mosquitoes had to delay those crucial efforts for two months to focus on sanitation instead.

“Many of our men are doing double shifts, working 14 hours straight,” said Rajan Naringrekar, the head of the city’s insecticide department.

With nearly 60,000 infections, Mumbai accounts for around a fifth of India’s coronavirus cases.

Read more: Crematoriums in India overwhelmed due to massive virus deaths

As teams fumigated a slum and cleared out stagnant water — a potent breeding ground for mosquitoes — from sagging tarpaulin roofs, storage bins and bottles, Naringrekar told AFP many of them were afraid of contracting the virus.

The risks will increase exponentially with the rains, with workers required to inspect homes and offices in case of a dengue outbreak.

“We are obviously worried but we have to do our job and take as many precautions as we can,” he said, pointing to the gloves and masks worn by the workers.

Monsoon season: feared by urbanites

Their fears are shared by millions living in slums across India, who say their homes offer little protection against coronavirus or other diseases.

For Mumtaz Kanojia, who lives in a small one-room house with her son and daughter, the memory of her bone-chilling three-week-long bout with malaria still haunts her 10 years on.

“My daughter and I were severely ill, we had fever, we couldn’t eat anything. She even fainted at one point,” the 53-year-old told AFP.

Read more: India sees largest-ever one-day jump in coronavirus cases

Kanojia is already fearful of contracting coronavirus, and the onset of the monsoon prompts further dread — of flooding outside her front door, a leaking ceiling, contaminated drinking water and deadly diseases.

“The water gets everywhere… and the mosquitoes follow,” she said, adding that she and her neighbours had little choice but to use tarpaulins as makeshift coverings despite the risk they could become breeding grounds.

“Without it, the roof leaks every time there’s a heavy downpour,” she said.

“Each time, we have to take care of it ourselves. No one from the government ever comes to help.”

Coronavirus in India: what the picture looks like

As of today, the number of people infected by the Novel Coronavirus and suffering from the associated disease COVID-19 in India has crossed 300,000. There have been more than 9,000 deaths associated with the disease. A statistic to take heart from is the fact that 170,000 people suffering from COVID-19 have recovered. 

India is now the 7th worst-affected COVID-19 country in the world, after the United States, Brazil, Russia, United Kingdom, Spain, and Italy.

Read more: India blames Tableeghi Jamaat leader for Coronavirus surge

The western state of Maharashtra where the financial capital Mumbai is located continues to remain the worst-hit state in India. The state has confirmed 2,710 deaths since the start of the outbreak, the highest in India.

The total number of coronavirus cases in Delhi has crossed the 25,000-mark, with fatalities crossing 1000.

COVID-19 associated lockdowns have caused a slowdown in the Indian economy, with experts saying that it will shrink by as much as 6% this year. 

AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk

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