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Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Pakistan’s Interim Government: Challenges and the way forward

The interim government's challenges of security and economic revival are undoubtedly daunting, but they also present an opportunity for transformation. By adopting a comprehensive, integrated approach that combines security efforts and economic policies, Pakistan can pave the way for a brighter future.

With the appointment of former Senator Anwar ul-Haq Kakar of the Baluchistan Awami Party (BAP), as caretaker Prime Minister, the uncertainty has been removed and paved the way for free and fair elections in the country.

However, the biggest challenge to the caretaker government will be to complete preparations for holding the general elections within the stipulated time, apart from managing the flagging economy and dealing with the tough schedule set by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Read more: Pakistan’s political saga and an inside job

In the wake of significant political transitions, Pakistan finds itself at a crossroads, with its interim government entrusted with the dual responsibility of addressing pressing issues: the complex law and order situation and security concerns, alongside the need to rejuvenate a struggling economy. As challenges loom large, the country’s leadership has an opportunity to approach these issues with determination, creativity, and a united vision for a stronger, more stable Pakistan.

Challenges at Hand

  1. Law and Order Situation and Security:

The intricate web of security challenges, including terrorism, militancy, and political instability, has posed a formidable obstacle to Pakistan’s social fabric and progress. The need to ensure safety for all citizens, foster trust in institutions, and promote a sense of collective security has never been more vital.

  1. Economic Resurgence:

Pakistan’s economy has long been grappling with structural issues, fiscal mismanagement, and stagnant growth. Unemployment, inflation, and a lack of foreign investment have further exacerbated the economic strain. The interim government faces the arduous task of reversing this downward spiral and creating a favorable environment for sustainable economic growth.

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A Positive Approach

  1. Law and Order:

Addressing security challenges requires a multi-pronged approach. The interim government must prioritize intelligence coordination among security agencies, strengthen border controls to curb illegal movements, and enhance community policing to foster trust at the grassroots level. Additionally, investing in counter-terrorism technology and international cooperation will play a pivotal role in tackling transnational threats. Ensuring the public interest, like the protection of all citizens, speedy justice, equal rights, no political victimization, and merit-based appointments, Interim Government may achieve its goals of managing law and order situation conveniently.

  1. Economy:

Reviving the economy demands innovative strategies. The interim government should focus on promoting ease of doing business, attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), and diversifying the economic base through sectors like technology, renewable energy, and agriculture. Reworking tax policies, reducing red tape, and fostering entrepreneurship will contribute to a more investor-friendly environment. Fighting against corruption, nepotism, and the menace of poor governance, the Interim government may overcome its economic challenges.

Synthesis: Bridging the Gap

Creating a coherent roadmap that addresses both challenges is pivotal. A synergy between security and economic policies is essential for holistic progress. Enhanced security will boost investor confidence, while economic growth can provide better livelihoods, ultimately contributing to stability. Appropriate planning, and the right man for the right job, merit will ensure the success of the caretaker government.

  1. Integrated Policies:

The interim government must craft policies that promote collaboration between security agencies and economic stakeholders. For instance, improved infrastructure can aid both security operations and economic activities. Simultaneously, tackling corruption will enhance both security institutions’ effectiveness and economic governance. Coordination between Federation and Provinces are need time.

  1. Information Dissemination:

Clear communication is paramount. The government should keep citizens informed about security measures, fostering trust in the authorities. Similarly, transparent economic policies will boost public confidence, encouraging citizen participation in economic growth initiatives. If all the stakeholders are on board, the implementation of policies and measures will effectively produce desired results.

  1. International Engagement:

Both challenges have international dimensions. Collaborative efforts with neighboring countries and international organizations can yield intelligence-sharing, counter-terrorism cooperation, and trade partnerships that can strengthen both security and economic fronts.

Read more: Restoring Pakistan’s Democracy: Learning from the Past and Shaping the Future

The interim government’s challenges of security and economic revival are undoubtedly daunting, but they also present an opportunity for transformation. By adopting a comprehensive, integrated approach that combines security efforts and economic policies, Pakistan can pave the way for a brighter future. This is a pivotal moment, one that requires strategic decision-making, unity, and a commitment to fostering a nation where citizens feel safe and prosperous. With determination and the collective will of the people, Pakistan can undoubtedly overcome these challenges and emerge stronger on the global stage. Rapidly changing geopolitics can be taped by following an appropriate foreign policy in its own favor.


Author: Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Founding Chair GSRRA, Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Editor, Analyst, and Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization). (E-mail: awanzamir@yahoo.com). 

The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space.