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Thursday, June 20, 2024

Turkey closes borders on Afghan refugees?

As Turkey closes borders on Afghan refugees by building a wall, important questions come to the forefront as who should be blamed? Turkey or the international community for not taking quick actions to prevent the mass exodus?

Turkey closes borders on Afghan refugees as they flee the Taliban rule and the brutality which they perceive would follow. These refugees are taking an arduous route across neighboring Iran to try and cross into Turkey. A family in the Turkish border city of Van who made it out of Afghanistan the night before the capital fell to the Taliban spoke its heart out:

“I don’t have money, I don’t have food, I don’t have dresses, nothing,” said the mother. Her family doesn’t want to be identified, given how they made it into Turkey without permission, but they told that they blame the United States and its chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan for their plight.

More than 2 million Afghans have already taken refuge in neighboring Pakistan and Iran, but those countries have closed their borders to new arrivals.

Turkey closes borders on Afghan refugees by building a wall

Now the Turkish government is working to stop a potential influx of Afghans by building a wall along its border. On the other side of that wall is Iran, which shares another border with Afghanistan.

The Afghans who survive the trek through Iran to the Turkish border, which can take weeks, will now be met with a wall of concrete slabs 10 feet high.

Ali Noorani, President and CEO of the Washington-based National Immigration Forum, warned that if such instances of helplessness among Afghans and mass exodus of refugees result, the international community must act quickly to avoid the Afghan refugees crisis as the neighboring countries have faced the brunt of it.

“If the international community does not pick up the pace of negotiations and ultimately implementing solutions [to resettle refugees], lives will be lost,” she warned.

Read more: Why Iran is hesitant to help the Afghan refugees?

Afghan refugees resettlement conundrum

The U.N. has said that as many as 500,000 more Afghans could flee their country this year alone, but resettlement pledges show many wealthy nations have showed less eagerness to welcome the Afghan refugees in large numbers.

Canada and the U.K. have said they will take 20,000 refugees each. The European Union has avoided setting any targets, offering only financial support to Afghanistan’s neighboring countries, to help them resettle refugees.

The Biden administration has asked Congress for funding to help rehome 95,000 Afghan refugees by September 2022, and Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas said this month that he expected at least 50,000 to be resettled in the U.S.

Recent polling shows popular support  in the U.S. for welcoming refugees, especially Afghan civilians who helped the U.S. war effort in their country.

“This is a very unique political moment for President Biden to reset the way that the American public sees the immigration system, much less the United States’ role in refugee resettlement,” suggested Noorani.”

Read more: Biden takes responsibility of Afghan Refugees

Turkey closes borders on Afghan refugees, who is to blame?

But while governments around the world deliberate, the fate of thousands of Afghans remains in limbo. And as Turkey closes borders on Afghan refugees, the looming question rises as to where would the Afghans go once they leave their country? After all, Turkey has been hosting Syrian refugees since the Syrian civil war outbreak, providing them gateway to Europe and rehabilitating them. Should we expect more from Turkey or international community and the United States by large should step in to resolve the refugees crisis as a compensation for their strategic miscalculations in Afghanistan?

Read more: Rehabilitate Afghan refugees in Afghanistan, not on Pakistan soil: FM Qureshi