Rehabilitate Afghan refugees in Afghanistan not on Pakistan soil, said Pakistan’s foreign minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi on Thursday while giving an interview to Independent. He rejected the notion of Afghan refugees camp on Pakistan soil or any resettlement processing facilities for the people coming to Pakistan from Afghanistan.
In an interview with Independent, Pakistan’s foreign minister asserted that the country would continue to facilitate the departure of those with valid documents who wished to exit Afghanistan via Pakistan – drawing the line at allowing an influx of refugees.
Qureshi said Pakistani authorities would consider “on merit” formal requests from the UK for British representation in their embassy in Kabul to help with applications – an idea senior Tory MP Tobias Ellwood told the UK-based paper that the government should pursue with its allies, such as Qatar and Turkey.
Pakistan cannot rehabilitate Afghan refugees any more
Qureshi said there had been “no rush” on Pakistan’s borders, and stressed that there was no need for people to flee Afghanistan as the country was “peaceful and stable”.
“We have our limitations. [Pakistan has] been hosting over three million, almost close to four million refugees for so many decades without any international help or assistance. We do not have the capacity to absorb more, honestly,” he said.
“Our preference is that [Afghans] stay within Afghanistan and they are provided security and safety within Afghanistan,” he said.
He added that any processing facility where Afghan citizens can apply for asylum should be in Afghanistan. “It has to be over there – that is where they belong, that is their country,” he added.
Need to rehabilitate Afghan refugees in Afghanistan through continued assistance
The foreign minister said the UK should “accept the new reality” in Afghanistan and deliver immediate aid to the Taliban-run country, warning that isolating the Taliban authorities would lead to economic collapse, “anarchy”, and “chaos”.
Afghan refugees coming to Pakistan for settlement is no solution, Foreign minister added. He said that regional and external countries should take responsibility to rehabilitate Afghan refugees and displaced people in Afghanistan only through continued humanitarian aid and assistance.
He said the UK and its western allies were not doing enough to engage with the Taliban administration or to avert a burgeoning humanitarian crisis, and urged the west to provide supplies with “no political conditions attached”.
He warned that Pakistan would not be willing to take in any more Afghan refugees as it is already hosting several million from decades of past conflicts.
“My message [to the UK] is that there is a new reality in Afghanistan. Accept the new reality and let us work to achieve our objectives,” Qureshi said.
Afghan isolation will make it difficult to rehabilitate Afghan refugees
“Isolation will not help. It will lead to a humanitarian crisis, it will lead to an economic collapse, and it will create space for elements who have not been helpful for you, me or anyone.
“Anarchy, chaos will facilitate their presence there. Don’t do that. Engagement, we feel, is a better option. If [the Taliban] are saying positive things, nudge them in that direction. Do not push them into a corner.”
One of the first steps, he said, was delivering immediate aid. “There should be no strings attached, there should be no political conditions attached to humanitarian assistance,” the top diplomat added.
Taliban assured of no terror attacks on Pakistan from Afghan soil
Qureshi said Pakistan had received verbal assurances from the Afghan Taliban that they would not allow any group to stage terror attacks on Pakistan from Afghanistan, but he added that Islamabad was waiting to see “if they act on what they’ve said”.
Qureshi maintained that the behaviour of the new Taliban leadership was “quite distinct and different” from that seen in the 1990s, saying that, for example, protests in Kabul had “by and large been tolerated”.
“These are initial signs which are not discouraging. Let’s see if this is the direction that they follow,” he concluded.
He persistently asked for responsible approach from key countries including the West so that collectively the region could rehabilitate Afghan refugees back in Afghanistan. He adds that Pakistan is determined to do this and requires support in this regard.