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Monday, April 15, 2024

Yemen: Failed health system, civil war & the coronavirus! Which war the country should fight?

Since 2015, Yemen has been facing one of the worst humanitarian crises; with its people deprived of health facilities and proper education. The country has reported its first coronavirus case, which has worsened it's already devastated situation. A virus ceasefire was also announced by the Saudi-backed coalition forces, but the rebels revoked it by terming it political maneuvering by the Saudi Govt. What lays ahead of this country is horrible, to say the least!

Yemen, which Friday announced its first coronavirus case, is wracked by a war which has killed tens of thousands and caused the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, according to the United Nations.

The war between Huthi rebels and pro-government troops escalated in March 2015, when a Saudi-led military coalition intervened against the rebels who control large parts of Yemen including the capital Sanaa.

Civilians on front line

Over the past six years, tens of thousands of people — mostly civilians — have been killed in the conflict, according to aid organizations.

More than three million people have been displaced within Yemen, living in camps.

Amnesty International said in December 2019 that some 4.5 million people living with disabilities are faced with growing difficulties in the country.

In the worst cases, the disabled people are left behind by their families after being separated while fleeing their homes, it said in a report.

Collapse of health system

Aid organisations have on several occasions over the past months warned of the country’s ailing health system and the risk of the spread of the coronavirus.

Yemen is “critically under-equipped” to face the pandemic, said Xavier Joubert, country director for Save the Children in Yemen after the first case was announced.

“Only half of Yemen’s health facilities are still fully functional,” said Joubert.

Doctors Without Borders (MSF), which has said Yemen’s healthcare system has all but collapsed, said in January it was concerned that many Yemenis have no access to clean water or soap.

Read more: Syria bleeds again: US tries to block Russian advance in war-torn country

The country has also been ravaged by cholera, which has killed more than 2,500 people since April 2017. Around 1.2 million suspected cases have been reported, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Lost generation 

The UN children’s fund (UNICEF) says two million of the country’s children of school age go without education in Yemen, of whom half a million left school after the conflict escalated in 2015.

Across the country some 10.3 million children are suffering from food insecurity, of whom 2.1 million are suffering from acute malnutrition, according to the UN.

According to Cluster Sante, which groups international NGOs and UN agencies, nearly 1.2 million children have been stricken by cholera, diphtheria or dengue fever over the past three years.

‘Worst’ humanitarian crisis

Long the Arabian Peninsula’s poorest nation, Yemen is the scene of “the largest humanitarian crisis in the world”, according to the UN. More than two thirds of the population — 24 million people — require humanitarian assistance.

‘War crimes’

In September 2019, investigators appointed by the UN Human Rights Council pointed to “war crimes” committed by all sides in the conflict. “There are no clean hands” in the conflict, said one of the experts, Charles Garraway.

Read more: Rebels reject the ceasefire in Yemen: declare it political maneuvering

If confirmed by an independent and competent court, many of the violations identified “may result in individuals being held responsible for war crimes,” the experts said in a statement.

They listed airstrikes and shelling, starvation as a method of warfare, killings, torture and sexual violence, and recruitment of child soldiers as crimes being committed with impunity.

In February, the Saudi-led coalition said it was launching legal proceedings against soldiers suspected of abuses during attacks in Yemen.

AFP with additional input by GVS News Desk