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Wednesday, January 25, 2023

Helpless Afghan government seeks deal with Taliban

Afghan Government seeks new deal with Taliban, and an extension to the cease-fire while the ISIS attacks a prison in Afghanistan.

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The Afghan government on Sunday urged the Taliban to extend a rare ceasefire hours before it was due to end, as a contentious prisoner swap between the two warring sides edged closer to completion. This would usually mean a return to instability and prejudicial situations, whereby both sides would continue to do harm to each other.

Afghan Government Taliban ceasefire: the calm before the storm?

Officials said there were no reports of fighting between the enemies across much of Afghanistan during the three-day truce that marked the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha.

However, the calm was broken Sunday evening when gunmen stormed a prison in Jalalabad in eastern Afghanistan, leaving at least three people dead and several wounded.

Read more: Taliban fighters freed: implications for situation in Afghanistan

Amaq, the extremist Islamic State group’s news outlet, announced that the IS was responsible for the prison raid, the SITE Intelligence Group tweeted.

The Taliban denied involvement in the assault. Although they have not denounced ISIS as an organization.

The prison held more than 1,700 inmates, most of the fighters from the Taliban and IS, a security source said.

As the brazen attack on the prison commenced, a “large number” of prisoners managed to escape, Ahmad Ali Hazarat, the head of Nangarhar provincial council told AFP. This comes amidst increasing losses that the Afghan Government has been suffering as the USA pulls out of the region.

Security forces launched a city-wide search to track them down.

Meanwhile, President Ashraf Ghani and the Taliban have both indicated that long-delayed peace talks could begin straight after Eid.

“We look forward to it,” Sediq Sediqqi, spokesman to Ghani told AFP when asked if the authorities were keen on extending the ceasefire.

“We hope the Taliban will not resume violence.

“The Afghan government’s actions and steps taken in the peace process must be reciprocated by the Taliban.”

Under a deal signed by the Taliban and the United States in February, the “intra-Afghan” peace talks were slated to start in March, but were delayed amid political infighting in Kabul and as an agreed prisoner swap dragged on.

Could there be a new agreement for war prisoners?

The deal stipulated that Kabul would free around 5,000 Taliban prisoners in return for 1,000 Afghan security personnel held captive by the Taliban.

The National Security Council said Sunday that a further 300 Taliban prisoners had been released since Friday, taking the total number freed so far to just over 4,900.

Read more: Attacks compromise Afghanistan’s fight against Coronavirus

The Taliban say they have already fulfilled their commitment. The Taliban look patiently to take over the country as soon as the USA completely withdraws from Afghanistan.

Authorities however have refused to free hundreds of inmates accused of serious crimes that the group had requested for release, adding that a gathering of Afghan elders would decide their fate.

The rare respite from violence gave some Afghans the opportunity to safely visit relatives for Eid celebrations after long periods apart.

“I managed to visit my village for the first time in two years,” said Khalil Ahmad from volatile Uruzgan province, a hotbed for insurgents.

“There were many Taliban check posts on the way, but they did not bother anyone.”

Shahpoor Shadab, a resident from Jalalabad, told AFP that “Eid feels different, parks are full of people”.

“You almost forget that there has been a war in this country for 40 years.”

Kabul resident Fawad Babak, a shopkeeper, was sad that it was the last day of the ceasefire.

“I’m a little disheartened… the killing and bloodshed may resume again tomorrow,” he said.

In restive Zabul province, several residents recited poems calling for the ceasefire — only the third official halt in fighting in nearly two decades of conflict — to be made permanent.

“Peace is everybody’s need and aspiration,” said Sardar Wali, who took part in the poetry session.

“This is a great opportunity to extend the ceasefire today and start intra-Afghan talks tomorrow.”

Deadly violence has rocked Afghanistan since the US-Taliban deal was agreed, with more than 3,500 Afghan troops killed in attacks by the insurgents, according to Ghani.

AFP with additional input from GVS News Desk