Chaman border clash: Afghanistan aggressive despite Pakistan’s conciliation

Despite Pakistan's willingness to bury the hatchet, Afghanistan is determined to adopt a martial stance in the wake of Chaman border clash.

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Pakistan and Afghanistan on Friday traded allegations over the deadly Chaman border clash incident that caused casualties on both sides, says a Dawn News report.

The Foreign Office said in a late evening statement that Pakistani troops had responded to firing by the Afghan forces. “Pakistani Force did not open fire first and responded in self-defence only,” the FO said, rejecting Afghan allegation of firing at the civilian population.

Chaman border clash: the incident

Information Minister Senator Shibli Faraz said certain people had tried to cross the Chaman border forcibly and at the same time gunshots were fired from the Afghan side.

The incident took place on Thursday after an unruly mob attacked the Frontier Corps offices and a quarantine centre at the Chaman border crossing following a protest over restrictions on pedestrian crossing because of Covid-19 pandemic. In the ensuing clash, four people were killed.

Read more: Chaman Border has become more important than LoC

Afghan authorities had claimed that 15 people were killed in Spin Boldak due to the shelling.

In sharp contrast to the tense situation at the Chaman-Spin Boldak crossing, Pakistani border security forces gave sweets and bouquets to Afghans at the Torkham crossing on the occasion of Eidul Azha. Prime Minister’s Special Representative for Afghanistan Ambassador Mohammad Sadiq tweeted a picture of Afghan civilian officials receiving packs of sweets and flower bouquets from Pakistani military personnel.

Pakistan acted in self defence, won’t allow smuggling of goods: FO

“Pakistan is undertaking concerted efforts to ensure regulated movement of trade between the two countries, which are being challenged by elements opposed to such regulation,” the Foreign Office explained.

It recalled that the cross-border trade was allowed on the Afghan government’s request. “Moreover, due to Eidul Azha, pedestrians’ move was also allowed. People gathered for this purpose were deliberately targeted by Afghan forces for incomprehensible reasons,” it added.

The FO accused Afghan forces of firing on civilians gathered on the Pakistani side of the international border. Pakistani troops at the border, it said, were also fired upon from the Afghan posts.

Read more: UN: thousands of anti-Pakistan militants in Afghanistan

“Pakistani troops responded to protect our local population and acted only in self-defence,” it emphasised.

Addressing a news conference, the information minister said Pakistan was fulfilling its responsibility as a neighbour of a landlocked country by allowing Afghan Transit Trade (ATT) to reach its border.

“However, it is a principled stance of the PTI to ensure that borders are secured, regulated and managed as per the international standards,” he said, adding that this was also one of the measures to curb smuggling and illegal movement of people between the two countries.

The border crossing was opened on Wednesday after remaining closed for several weeks, allowing people to travel on both sides.

Afghanistan and Pakistan blame each other over Chaman border clash 

Shibli Faraz said three border crossings between Pakistan and Afghanistan, which had been closed for some time, were opened for Eid and most of the people had cleared the area but a few hundred persons remained at the Chaman border which resulted in the clash.

“They tried to cross into Afghanistan by force and also damaged our posts, and unfortunately at the same time shots were fired from the other side. While we have maintained cordial friendly and brotherly relations with Afghanistan, we expect the same attitude from them too,” he added.

The minister said Pakistan was trying to normalise the situation but reiterated that standard protocols related to travel through legal documents would continue.

Read more: Taliban fighters freed: implications for situation in Afghanistan

Reports in Afghan media too said that the Afghan forces acted while the unrest was happening on the Pakistani side on Thursday. “Pakistani forces reportedly opened fire on the protesters. In response to Pakistani security forces, the Afghan border forces came in action and exchanged fire with Pakistani forces,” Afghan Islamic Press said in its report.

The Foreign Office regretted that the avoidable exchange resulted in losses on both sides. “This unfortunate incident resulted in numerous casualties and deliberate/serious damage to state infrastructure on the Pakistan side,” it said.

“There were, reportedly, unfortunate losses on the Afghan side as well. All this could have been avoided if the fire had not been initiated from the Afghan side,” the FO said while conceding losses across the border.

It said military and diplomatic channels were used to defuse the situation and the military engagement ended after “hectic efforts”. The military clash stopped once the Afghan side stopped firing.

Afghanistan aggressive despite Pakistan’s efforts for conciliation 

“Pakistan reiterates its sincere readiness to further enhance fraternal relations with Afghanistan in the interest of peace and stability in the region. We hope our constructive efforts will be reciprocated,” the FO said.

Despite conciliatory signals from Pakistan, the Afghan side appeared aggressive, at least in its post-clash tone.

Read more: Afghan government and Taliban talks to begin; Pakistan to attend

According to a statement from the Afghan defence ministry, Chief of General Staff of the Afghan Armed Forces Gen Muhammad Yasin Zia ordered “befitting response” to Pakistani troops. He directed provision of small and heavy weapons to the Afghan forces deployed along the border.

The Afghan National Security Council, meanwhile, in a statement said the matter would be pursued through relevant channels and “required action” will be taken.

GVS News Desk with additional input by other sources