India and Pakistan have retreated from the brink of possible war but an information conflict still rages over their tit-for-tat air strikes and an aerial dogfight between the nuclear-armed arch rivals.
A suicide bombing on February 14 killed 40 troops and was the deadliest attack in Kashmir on Indian forces in a 30-year insurgency by militants wanting independence or to be part of Pakistan. Here is a brief summary of what both countries, which have fought three wars since 1947, have said in recent days about their most serious standoff in years.
India launched air strikes on February 26 on what it called a JeM training camp at Balakot inside Pakistan, 12 days after the suicide bombing. Vijay Keshav Gokhale, Indian foreign secretary, hours after its pre-dawn air raid said the target of the “pre-emptive strike” was “jihadis” in the “biggest training camp of JeM”.
Pakistan said its planes had crossed the LoC, their de-facto border, in broad daylight and locked on to six targets to show they could, but then hit “open space” instead.
Gokhale said “a very large number of JeM terrorists, trainers, senior commanders and groups of jihadis who were being trained for fidayeen (suicide) action were eliminated”. While the Indian government has given no official statement about the numbers of dead, Indian local media ran several source-based reports claiming as many as 350 killed.
Leading politicians linked to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) including notably BJP president Amit Shah put the death toll at 250. Some of those asking for proof — such as opposition politicians accusing Modi of using the crisis to boost his standing ahead of looming elections — have gotten short shrift.
Read more: War no option for India and Pakistan, says Imran Khan
In the next raids, “opposition parties raising these questions can be tied under the jets… so that they can look at the targets,” thundered junior foreign minister V.K Singh.
Pakistani officials have said that Indian warplanes did breach its airspace, dropping what military spokesman Major General Asif Ghafoor described as “payloads” near Balakot. But Islamabad has denied there was any damage or casualties.
India and Pakistan have retreated from the brink of possible war but an information conflict still rages over their tit-for-tat air strikes and an aerial dogfight.
“Once again (the) Indian government has resorted to a self-serving, reckless and fictitious claim,” Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said. Local residents reported hearing explosions in the night but said only one person was injured and that no infrastructure was destroyed.
The army escorted reporters to the area, but independent reporting by multiple local and international outlets who visited the site also found no evidence of a major terrorist training camp — or of any infrastructure damage at all. An AFP reporter visited what his Pakistani military escort and locals said was the site and saw a crater, two trees snapped in half and three mud houses, one of which had a collapsed wall.
Read more: India and Pakistan cannot go head-on in conflict, PM Khan
The Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensic Research Lab said that open-source satellite imagery indicated “only impacts in the wooded area, with no damage being visible to the surrounding structures.” Pakistan has even floated the possibility of lodging a complaint against India for “eco-terrorism” for the killing of “dozens” of trees.
A further bone of contention is the air raid by Pakistani aircraft into Indian airspace and the subsequent aerial dogfight in the skies over Kashmir on February 27. Pakistan said it shot down two Indian planes, one falling on the Pakistani side of the Line of Control frontier and the other on the Indian side.
The army escorted reporters to the area, but independent reporting by multiple local and international outlets.
Attacking Pakistani “disinformation”, India’s Air Vice Marshal R.G.K Kapoor said India had lost just one plane, whose pilot was captured — and later released — by Pakistan. India’s Air Vice Marshal R.G.K Kapoor admitted that Pakistan indeed had shot down its plane and a pilot was captured.
Kapoor also claimed that an Indian Mig21 had shot down one Pakistani F16, crashing on the Pakistani side, but Islamabad denied this and India has failed to provide any evidence to back its claim of shooting F-16 down.
Read more: International community urges India and Pakistan to exercise restraint
Pakistan said its planes had crossed the Line of Control (LoC), their de-facto border, in broad daylight and locked on to six targets to show they could, but then hit “open space” instead.
India rejected this saying that Pakistan had intended to attack Indian military installations but had been “foiled” by its aircraft. Kapoor, however, admitted, “PAF bombs have fallen in the Indian army formation compounds, they were unable to cause any damage to our military installations,” Kapoor said.
Before Kapoor, Pakistan’s DG ISPR Major General Ghafoor during a press conference had announced that PAF warplanes, JF-17 raided Indian airspace and dropped bombs near the Indian army installations. The act was carried out with intend of not causing any causality and only to demonstrate Pakistan’s resolve, will, and capability. “We advocate peace, therefore, did not cause any causality but we do have the capability and right to retaliate in a befitting manner,” Ghafoor said.
© Agence France-Presse