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Kashmir Dispute: Musharraf, Vajpayee proposal could solve the issue?


News Analysis |

Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Chairman All Parties Hurriyat Conference, has once against urged Pakistan and India to initiate decisive talks to resolve Kashmir dispute. “Leaderships of Pakistan and India immediately need to take measures to end escalation and resolve issues,” Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said in a tweet.

Chairman Hurriyat Forum also expressed concern over mass displacement and financial and life loss as a result of heavy firing across the Line of Control. It is important to note that Prime Minister Imran Khan and his predecessors have always maintained that the dispute of Kashmir can only be resolved through dialogue.

PM Khan recently clarified that use of force to suppress Kashmiris was proving counterproductive for India. Therefore, it is the high time that Pakistan, India and Kashmiris collectively devise a peaceful solution to settle the decades-long dispute which has claimed the lives of countless innocent men, women and children.

Frustrated and humiliated Kashmiri youth is seen to be engaged in an indigenous resistance movement to force the Indian army to leave the valley.

It is worth mentioning here that since 1947, Kashmir is a disputed territory where the Indian army has been indiscriminately using force against innocent citizens. United Nations and other international rights organizations have always raised the issue of Kashmir and gross violations of the human right being committed by the Indian Armed Forces.

As a matter of fact, 2002 Agra Summit is considered one of the ‘greatest missed opportunities’ when President Pervez Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee almost agreed to resolve the dispute. Former Pakistan Foreign Minister Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri in his book ‘Neither a Hawk nor a Dove’ wrote that the “solution to Kashmir was in the grasp of both governments”.

Read more: Indian aggression at LoC: Two soldiers, two civilians martyred

Pervez Musharraf proposed a four-point agenda to the Indian Prime Minister based upon following points;

1.    De-militarization or phased withdrawal of troops

It was agreed the troops would be called back in phases in order to ensure security at the border. It was a bold decision since it would have ended increased securitization of the LoC, leading to a considerable decrease in budget expenditures for both sides.

2.    No change of borders of Kashmir and Kashmiris right to move freely across the LoC

The second point was important since it would have meant that the LoC marked an international border between the two independent states. While recognizing the international border, Kashmiris would have a right to freely move across the LoC without any legal restriction.

3.    Self-governance without independence

According to the proposed agreement Kashmiris would have not achieved complete independence but a right to self-governance. Kashmiris would have decided political and legislative matters for each other without undue formal intervention by either state.

4.    A joint supervision mechanism in Jammu and Kashmir involving India, Pakistan, and Kashmir.

Lastly, Musharraf proposed to have a joint committee comprised of representatives from India, Pakistan, and Kashmir to deliberate on key policy issues and offer solutions after mutual consultation.

PM Khan recently clarified that use of force to suppress Kashmiris was proving counterproductive for India.

It may be noted that the proposed solution addressed all three parties so to successfully ensure the resolution of the dispute. But all went in vain when Kashmiri separatist leader Syed Ali Gilani and Deputy Prime Minister of India LK Advani reportedly declined to approve the agreement.

Read more: No relief for Kashmiris even after Indian Pilot’s release

Analysts believe that now it is the high time that Pakistan and India decide to talk decisively on Kashmir since many people have been brutally killed by Indiana armed forces due to the ongoing unrest.

At the moment, frustrated and humiliated Kashmiri youth is seen to be engaged in an indigenous resistance movement to force the Indian army to leave the valley. Recent attack in Pulwama which claimed the lives of more than 40 Indian soldiers is said to be one the manifestations of Kashmiri freedom movement and their commitment to the said cause.

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