Anam Sheikh |
The twenty-first-century international relations are going to be multi-polar, where not one but many actors will be shaping the world order. The present wave of regionalization to counter the containment policy of the USA is, undoubtedly, a verification of this statement. The trio of Beijing, Moscow, and Islamabad is the best manifestation. These three actors have many interests intertwined together as well as common enemies. Frederick Nietchze once said the enemy of an enemy is the best weapon; the bedrock of this triangle has a common enemy – the hegemonic policies of the USA.
The Chinese long-term plans
China is preparing for a global world order where globalization is more democratic and economics is more sustainable.
China has emerged as the second most powerful economy in the world. The rise of China is a serious damage to Wolfowitz doctrine that was designed after the Cold War to prevent any other hegemonic actor in the global politics. Besides, the Strait of Malacca is surrounded by US fleets, making China’s position more precarious in the South China Sea. America is no more willing to bear China’s elegant aggression in this region. The South China Sea is, undoubtedly, a strategic asset for both states.
China is making her strong presence in the Indian Ocean so that it has a safe route for the trade. Gwadar is the best option for Beijing because it is located at the nexus of West, South, and Central Asia. Moreover, it will also provide a strong base to China in the Arabian Sea to contain both India and the USA. The recent maritime nuclearization of the Indian Ocean tells volume about the significance of OBOR and perpetual rivalry between the two world powers. In addition, the route will link China to CARs, Europe, and Africa. In a nutshell, China is preparing for a global world order where globalization is more democratic and economics is more sustainable.
Russia knows that Europe is no more willing to ease the economic sanctions, thus it moves towards Asia.
The wave of sanctions on Russia by the West has pushed her into an alliance with China. India, on the other hand, has also disappointed Russia on many fronts, for example, Delhi is making dozens of strategic and defense pacts with the USA. Although experts in America view the relation between China and Russia as a marriage of alliance and beyond some significant gains, this relation is evolving day by day. Russia is willing to diversify its market and China is the only state that can help her.
China wants less influence of the USA in Asian security and Russia is an old foe of US expansionist designs, so both have a single enemy to contain. By and large, Russia knows that Europe is no more willing to ease the economic sanctions, thus it moves towards Asia. The G-8 and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) are the new institutions towards which Moscow is moving. Furthermore, Russia wants a stable and peaceful Central Asia. The growing scourge of terrorism is a real threat for Russia as well. In order to make these states prosperous, a robust economy is needed. This can only be possible by connectivity.
Pakistan strong in regional cooperation
Russia, Pakistan, and China have a common goal: to attain connectivity and to fight the hybrid war that is being unleashed on them by the USA and her allies.
Pakistan is ready to use her geographical location as a geo-economic asset. Pakistan wants that the world should be interested in it, not worried about it. Now, Pakistan, owing to CPEC, is emerging as the hub of convergence of civilizations. It will connect the entire region by railroads and energy pipelines. The energy projects that are launched by CPEC will save our country $1 billion per year. The exclusive economic zones will also give our youth jobs and experience. Robert D. Kaplan says that Gwadar is emerging as a new center of the world. This port will be open for Russia, Iran, and CARs as a transitory route. The balance of power in the international politics is evolving.
Russia, Pakistan, and China have a common goal: to attain connectivity and to fight the hybrid war that is being unleashed on them by the USA and her allies. The serious threat of ISIS also needs to be contained as it is like a Damocles’ sword for all peaceful connectivity plans in the region. Russia wants a stable backyard and significant influence in Afghanistan. China, on the other hand, also wants an end to the American presence in Afghanistan. Pakistan wants its geography to turn from a liability into an asset.
The present wave of regionalization and economic interdependence is making a win to win situation for the states. Pakistan knows that it is not in its interest to fight someone else’s war. China is making peaceful existence with the states. Russia wants to make long-term strategies to make its resurgence possible if not, to deaccelerate the downfall. Bringing peace back to Afghanistan is the topmost priority of the above three actors. When CPEC will be completed, it will become an economic compulsion for Afghanistan to join this venture and put the differences in the backburner.
Anam Sheikh attained her Bachelor’s degree in Electronics from Center of Advanced Studies in Physics, GCU, Lahore. She aspires to serve in Foreign Service of Pakistan with a vision to enhance the soft image of this country all across the world. The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Global Village Space’s editorial policy.