| Welcome to Global Village Space

Sunday, April 14, 2024

How Pakistan is losing its citizens to AIDS?

Pakistan is the second-largest country in South Asia that stands only a few steps behind India and Nepal in terms of the HIV epidemic. Despite many efforts, the HIV infection rate has increased significantly over the past few years and in fact, the country has moved from a low prevalence to a concentrated epidemic with HIV prevalence of more than 5% among injecting drug users (IDUs) in at least eight major cities.

While we are marking World AIDS Day on December 1, as a country Pakistan should take an insight into the way that while cases are declining somewhere else, they are ascending at home. The motivation behind recognizing World AIDS Day first seen in 1988, is to make create awareness throughout the planet about the illness. Various associations across the world have endeavored to focus on the HIV pandemic and attempt to expand HIV mindfulness and information. For Pakistan, it is an update that our technique is by all accounts falling flat and it is the ideal opportunity for some adjustment of approach.

We are informed that the ascent of cases in Pakistan can be credited to various variables. These incorporate acknowledgment of perilous wellbeing rehearses, the absence of mindfulness among individuals on AIDS, the mentality in the public arena regarding the matter, and high utilization of medications which lead to clients depending on risky needles to infuse themselves. The most recent UNAIDS report on the global AIDS scourge states that Pakistan as a nation detailing “sharp increments” in new HIV contaminations and rising AIDS-related mortality.

Read more: AIDS in Sindh: PM Khan should take notice – Public Health Experts

Why is there an increase in the HIV plague in Pakistan?

Named ‘Seizing the Moment’, the 2020 report features the size of the HIV plague in Pakistan. The report brings up that flare-ups in Sargodha (2018) and Ratodero (2019) have shown that dangerous clinical practices are similarly prone to taint everyone as different variables. In the two places, the justification for the spread of infection was the utilization of unsterilized gear and contaminated needles.

Towards the end of the day, we also need to check our health system and how to further develop consciousness in individuals. An enormous number of individuals have restricted admittance to medical services administrations in Pakistan and are uninformed of safe clinical practices. Perspectives in the public arena assume a significant part in battling the spread of AIDS. Yet, those tainted are regularly avoided by society and this keeps numerous others from looking for clinical assistance or mediation for their manifestations. These perspectives lead to the spread of AIDS.

For instance, the absence of acknowledgment that non-marital sex is normal in Pakistan proposes that individuals are not able to acknowledge on-ground real factors. This has permitted the HIV pandemic to grab hold, principally among infusing drug addicts, men, women sex workers, and transvestites as well as visiting specialists.

While the UNAIDS report additionally features progress, prominently in growing admittance to antiretroviral treatment, it repeats how significant it is for nations to act with more noteworthy desperation to arrive at the large numbers left behind. “HIV diseases in Asia and the Pacific have declined marginally, with decreases in Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam are offset by strong expansions in Pakistan and the Philippines, ”the report said.

Read more: What the ‘London patient’ means for HIV/AIDS research

Why timely diagnosis and treatment is important?

Late analysis and helpless adherence to treatment are botched freedoms to forestall forward transmission and AIDS-related passings. What is fascinating to note is that with regards to half of the key populaces living with HIV don’t know about their HIV status. A general ascent in HIV contaminations comes when there is a decrease in political and automatic responsibility, close by reformatory laws and approaches, and rising disgrace and separation that block viable AIDS reactions. The greater concern is road kids. There are roughly 100 million road kids across the globe and in Pakistan, it is assessed that 1.5 million are living on roads in profoundly weak conditions.

All the more should be done to shield them from the developing instances of AIDS. Youngsters have over and over been put in danger. Who can fail to remember the episode of HIV detailed in Ratodero, where more than 1,000 kids were tainted inferable from the carelessness of one specialist. Countless HIV-positive cases have likewise arisen in around 20 districts of Punjab. What is miserable is that the specialist who was captured for clinical carelessness in Ratodero has been delivered on bail. This isn’t the message we want to give out.

Read more: HIV/AIDS screening of every prisoner be ensured, directs health Minister Punjab

It is the ideal opportunity for the Government to refresh its AIDS policy. More must be improved comprehend the on-ground circumstance and address holes. Potentially the time has come to have a public conversation on the issue. Allow us to trust some drive is taken in such a manner with the goal that we can invert the predominant patterns in the years to come.


The writer has done Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) and is a Freelance Writer with a keen interest in writing about Health and Social Issues. The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy.