Home Opinion Op-Ed Woman under different civilizations and religions

Woman under different civilizations and religions

civilizations
  • 1
    Share

Asif Shar |

Any animal didn’t do anything with its kindness, what the man has done with the woman. Islam has been accused of having degraded woman; it has been attacked as having reduced her status- socially, morally and spiritually. It is criticized for not having given the woman her rightful place as man’s comrade and companion in life.

However, a comparative study about the woman under different religious systems and civilizations will enable one to appreciate the great services rendered by Islam in raising her status, legally, and socially. It is only Islam, a complete code of life, which has granted unprecedented rights to a woman in all perspectives of life.

The value of paradise has been compared with a mother’s feet; keep in mind, here Islam talks about a woman not a man. Last but not least, being a wife, she is not only the master of her own property but she also has a part in husband’s property.

Roman history was totally based on the paternal power called patria potestas, in which the head of the family, man, was its sole representative, and he alone had locus standi in the Councils of the state. Under Roman law, a daughter, when she was married to a person became subject to different authorities. Legally, she had no relationship with her grandfather’s family- once she entered into another household.

Similarly, the relation between husband and wife was depended on Roman’s manus formula which dealt with a woman becoming uxor or matrona (wife or matron). In the same way, the father was allowed to kill his daughter without any hesitation for any misconduct but, unfortunately, she was disallowed, even, to cry at her father’s wrath to death. The same power was also given to a husband.

There is no denying fact that woman’s position, in the Greek Civilisation, was about the same, if not worse. The custom of selling daughters in marriages was common practice. The superiority of man over woman was vehemently asserted on all side; therefore, physical strength was the tool to complete dominance. In the historical age of Greece, the legal woman’s status had slightly improved, but their moral condition had undergone a marked deterioration.

Read more: ‘Dark age’ practices in 21st century Pakistan

All virtuous women lived a life of perfect seclusion. Greek recognized two distinct orders of womanhood: first, the wife’s duty was fidelity to her husband and, second, there was the hetaera or mistress who subsisted by her fugitive attachments. Even Plato, a renowned philosopher, classed woman together with children and servant and stated that generally that in all the pursuits of mankind the female sex is inferior to the male.

In the same way, Buddhism has not assigned to woman any definite place. Gautama Buddha’s life shows that he could not find in woman a helpmate, and could not attain Nirvana while in the company of his beautiful wife. It unequivocally indicates the woman’s inferiority. What a gulf yawns in this respect between the Lord Buddha and the Prophet! The orphan of Abdullah found solace in his wife, Khadijah, at the most critical situation of his life. Additionally, Buddhism also lays great stress on celibacy which leaves the relation of the sexes somewhat severely alone.

The custom of selling daughters in marriages was common practice. The superiority of man over woman was vehemently asserted on all side; therefore, physical strength was the tool to complete dominance.

Furthermore, the woman under Hinduism is being treated as a second class family member. The concept of remarriage of widows is non-existent, as it is strictly prohibited especially among the Brahmins, on the other hand, among the lower castes i-e Dalits, widows are permitted to remarry. Brahmanical prohibition was once carried to such an extreme that a widow was enjoined and, sometimes, forcibly burnt alive on the funeral pyre along with her husband’s corpse, or if he had died at distance, she was being burnt on a pyre of her own.

Adding more to it, woman, in Judaism, was being painted as the source of evil and death on the Earth- of the woman came at the beginning of sins, and through her, we all die.  By the Jewish law, as it still exists at the dawn of the present modern epoch, divorce was the one-sided privilege of man.

Turning attention to woman’s condition in Christianity deep injustice prevails under which she has been suffering since the time of Jesus. However, the present position of woman in Christian countries hasn’t been achieved by Christian reformers, but by social and political thinkers who have swept aside the Biblical notions of her inferiority to man.

Read more: Why so many in Pakistan are scared of “Brand Malala”?

It is said in the Bible that Eve was the root cause of man’s drawing out from heaven. Satan instigated her for eating the forbidden fruit, and she instigated her husband. In this regards, the woman is being considered criminal.

“He has made for you your mates of your own kind”

Al-Quran

On contrary to all, Islam has given equal rights to the woman which were never blessed to her by any religion. It has not only acknowledged complete personhood of the woman but also protected her rights keeping in view her weaknesses. It has assigned a position at a level according to her virtues.

Being unmarried, she has right to choose her life partner, even, after, she becomes widow or divorcee she has the right to remarry. Islam stresses a father to provide her healthy nourishment and education.

Read more: Women all over the world wear Hijab to extend support to…

The value of paradise has been compared with a mother’s feet; keep in mind, here Islam talks about a woman, not a man. Last but not least, being a wife, she is not only the master of her own property but she also has a part in husband’s property.

The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space. 


  • 1
    Share

2 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.